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Spring

 

 

 

Read the text.

 

VALENTINE S DAY HISTORY

Its that time again. Time to buy little valentines with messages like Be mine and You are tops. Its time for all the nifty candy to come out.  But most important of all, its the time to show those dear to you how much you love them. Isnt it great that we have an entire holiday devoted to loving one another? Valentines Day has dubious origins.  There are three main theories on how it came to be.

Some scholars believe that it came from the Roman festival on February 15 called Lupercalia, performed to ensure protection from the wolves. Another theory is that Valentines Day is in honor of two Christian saints named Valentine. One lived in Rome in the AD 200s and married young couples against the law of the then-Emperor Claudis II.

The second, who lived in a city about 60 miles outside Rome, made great friends with the children of the town. He was later imprisoned for not worshipping the right gods. The children missed him so much that they threw loving notes through the bars of his cell window. Both were executed February 14 in Rome. In AD 469, St. Pope Gelasius I named February 14 Valentines Day.

The third theory is English in origin. Many believed that birds chose their mates on this day. Whatever the origins, Valentines Day has been celebrated in different ways over the years. Originally, the names of all the ladies of the town were put into a hat, and the men would each draw one. That lady would become his Valentine. Most young men would buy presents for their valentines. Sometimes they were very expensive!

In the 1400s, however, this changed, and Valentines Day became less about gift giving and - getting and more about declaration of love.

Its too bad it has begun to shift back, recently, to the gifts, flowers, and candy mentality. Instead of spending much money saying I love you with flowers and candies, do it by giving gifts that come from the heart, not necessarily the store.

 

Ex.1. Learn these words and phrases from the text above and use them in your own sentences.

 

nifty - ,

bar -

entire - ,

cell -

dubious -

to execute -

to ensure -

to shift - ,

in honor of -

mentality - ,

 

Ex.2. Match the left and right columns.

 

1. It is great that...

a)... February 14 is Valentines Day.

2. This holiday is...

b)... was a great friend of children.

3. Valentines Day has...

c)... called Valentines Day.

4. There are three...

d)... less about gift giving and getting, and more about declaration of love.

5. Some scholars believe that...

e)... become his valentine.

6. Another theory is that...

f)... executed February 14 in Rome.

7. One lived in Rome and...

g)...we have an entire holiday devoted to loving one another.

8. The second who lived not far from Rome...

h)...dubious origin.

9. When he was imprisoned later for not worshipping the right gods...

i)...has been celebrated in different ways.

10. Both were...

j)...the children missed him so much that they threw loving notes through the bars of his cell window.

11. In AD 469, St. Pope Gelasius I named...

k)...theories how it came to be.

12. The third theory is...

l)... married young couples against the law.

13. Whatever the origins, Valentines Day...

m)...put into a hat, and the men would each draw one.

14. Originally, the names of all ladies15 February.

n)...it came from the Roman festival on of the town were..

15. That lady would...

o)... Valentines Day is in honor of two Christian saints named Valentine.

16. It is great if your Valentines Day is

p)... English in origin, and says that many believed that birds chose their mates on this day.

 

Ex.3.What questions have been asked if the answers are as follows.

 

1. Valentines Day is celebrated on the 14-th of February.

2. People buy and send valentines with messages of love, buy candies, and chocolates for their sweethearts.

3. The most important of all is to show those dear to you how much you love them.

4. No, we dont know for sure. This holiday has dubious origins.

5. There are three main theories on how this holiday came to be.

6. Some of the scholars believe that it came from the Roman festival.

7. Another theory says that Valentines Day is in honor of 2 Christian saints named Valentine.

8. One of these two lived in Rome and married young couples against the law of the then Emperor Claudis II.

9. The other one made friends with the children of the town where he lived-not far from Rome.

10. They both were executed on the 14 of February in Rome.

11. The third theory of English origin says that on this very day birds choose their mates.

12. Yes, Valentines Day has been celebrated in different ways over the years.

 

Do you know

 

SOME VALENTINE SYMBOLS

 

Heart

Emotions are feelings such as love, happiness, anger, or fear. A long time ago, people believed that all emotions were found in the heart. In later years, they thought only the emotion of love was connected with the heart. The heart is still a symbol of love, and because of this, it is also a symbol of Valentines Day.

Red Rose

The rose was a favorite flower of Venus, the Roman goddess of love. Red is a color that stands for strong feelings. This is why the red rose is a flower of love.

Lace

Lace is a pretty fabric made by weaving together fine threads. Hundred of years ago, women carried lace handkerchiefs. If a woman dropped her handkerchief, a man nearby might pick it up and return it to her. Sometimes a woman might see a man she wanted to meet. She might drop her lace handkerchief on purpose to encourage romance. Soon people thought of romance when they thought of lace. They began using paper lace to decorate chocolate boxes and Valentine cards.

Gloves

Years ago, when a man proposed marriage to a woman, he asked for her hand. The hand became a symbol of marriage and love. Soon gloves also became a symbol of love.

Rings

In some countries, men and women exchange rings when they become engaged or married. Two or three hundred years ago, Valentines Day was a popular day for giving an engagement ring. An engagement ring usually had a stone or jewel set in it. Diamonds are common in todays engagement rings.

Cupid

Son of Venus, goddess of love. He could cause people to fall in love by piercing them with one of his magic arrows.

 

Enjoy the poem. 

THE MAGIC OF LOVE

By Helen Steiner Rice 

Love is like magic

And it always will be,

For love still remains

Loves sweet mystery.

 

Love works in ways

That are wondrous and strange

And theres nothing in life

That Love cannot change!

Love is unselfish,

Understanding and kind,

For it sees with its heart

And not with its mind!

 

Love is the answer

That everyone seeks-

Love is the language

That every heart speaks.

 

 

St Valentines Day Poetry

 

Forgotten

(Algernon Swinburne 1837-1909)

 

I remember the way we parted,

The day and the way we met;

You hoped we were both broken-hearted,

And knew we should both forget.

And the best and the worst of this is

That neither is most to blame,

If you have forgotten my kisses,

And I have forgotten your name.

 

Some Time

(Eleanor Farjeon)

 

Some time! some time!

When will it be?

It might be winter,

It might be spring,

With snow on the ground

Or fruit on the tree,

Some time! some time!

When will it be?

 

Some one! some one!

What is he like?

Perhaps a coal-man,

Perhaps a king.

Will he come on a horse

Or a motor-bike?

Some one! some one!

What is he like?

 

Somewhere! somewhere!

Oh, but where?

In a hollow

Or on a height?

Over the water?

At the fair?

Somewhere! somewhere!

Oh, but where?

 

Some time! some time!

When will it be?

It might be morning,

It might be night,

With the sun in the sky

Or the moon on the sea

Some time! some time!

When will it be?

The Size of Your Heart

(Author Unknown)

 

It isn't the size of your house as such

That matters so much at all.

It's the gentle hand and its loving touch,

That make it great or small.

 

The friends who come and the hour they

Who out of your house depart,

Will judge it not by the style you show,

But rather by the size of your heart.

 

It isn't the size of your head so much,

It isn't the wealth you found.

That will make you happy it's how you touch

The lives that are all around.

 

For making money is not hard

To live life well is an art:

How people love you, how they regard,

Is all in the size of your heart.

 

 

Sonnet

 

I

Through

Blue

Sky

Fly

To

You

Why?

Sweet

Love

Feet

Move

So

Slow.

 Anon.

 

 

St. Valentine Day Traditions

*   Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire.

 

*   Think of five or six names of boys or girls you might marry, as you twist the stem of an apple, recite the names until the stem comes off. You will marry a person whose name you were saying when the stem fell off.

 

*   Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on St. Valentine Day. They went singing from home to home. One verse they sang was:

Good morning to you valentine;

Curl your locks as I do mine

Two before and three behind.

Good morning to you valentine

 

*In some countries, a young woman may receive a gift of clothing from a young man. If she keeps the gift, it means that will marry the man.

 

* Do you know what a love seat is? Its a wide chair. It was first made to seat one woman in her wide dress. Later, the love seat or courting seat had two sections, often in an S-shape. In this way, a couple could seat together but not too closely!

 

* In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be. They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week. To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling.

 

* Some people said that if you found a glove on Valentines Day, your future beloved will have the other missing glove.

 

* Some believe the first mans name you read in the paper or hear that day will be the name of the man you will marry.

 

*In Wales, they carved "Wooden Love Spoons" and were given as gifts on Valentine's Day. Special decoration like hearts, keys and keyholes were carved on the spoons. The decoration translated means "Unlock my Heart".

*

 

 

Quotes on St Valentine's Day, Love and Romance

  • Oh, if it be to choose and call thee mine,
    Love, thou art every day my Valentine! - Thomas Hood

  • I claim there ain't Another Saint
    As great as Valentine. -
    Ogden Nash

  • A lovely heart-shaped box of chocolates was received on Valentine's Day by a coed from her newest date. On the enclosed card was the inscription, "To Helen - with all my allowance."

  • Love me little, love me long,
    Is the burden of my song. - Old Ballad

  • And on her lover's arm she leant,
    And round her waist she felt it fold,
    And far across the hills they went
    In that new world which is the old. - Tennyson

  • Pickwick Papers
    Never sign a Valentine with your own name. - Charles Dickens

  • Love is the answer, but while you're waiting for the answer, sex raises some pretty good questions. - Woody Allen

  • Annie Hall (of masturbation)
    Don't knock it. It's sex with someone you love. - Woody Allen

  • Let those love now, who never loved before;
    Let those who always loved, now love the more. - Anonymous

  • To do him any wrong was to beget
    A kindness from him for his heart was rich-
    Of such fine mould that if you sowed therein
    The seed of Hate, it blossomed Charity. - Tennyson

  • The course of true love never did run smooth. - William Shakespeare

  • No man at one time can be wise and love. - Robert Herrick

  • To be rich in admiration and free from envy; to rejoice greatly in the good of others; to love with such generosity of heart that your love is still a dear possession in absence or unkindness - these are the gifts of fortune which money cannot buy nothing and without which money can buy nothing. He who has such a treasury of riches, being happy and valiant himself, in his own nature, will enjoy the universe as if it were his own estate; and help the man to whom he lends a hand to enjoy it with him. - Robert Louis Stevenson

  • And on her lover's arm she leant,
    And round her waist she felt it fold,
    And far across the hills they went
    In that new world which is the old. - Tennyson

  • Then, must you speak of one that loved not wisely but too well; of one not easily jealous, but being wrong perplex'd in the extreme. - William Shakespeare

  • There's beggary in the love that can be reckon'd. - William Shakespeare

  • Men have died from time to time, and worms have eaten them, - but not for love. - William Shakespeare

  • 'Tis better to have loved and lost than to have never loved at all. - Tennyson

  • Drink to me only with thine eyes,
    And I will pledge with mine;
    Or leave a kiss but in the cup,
    And I'll not look for wine. - Ben Jonson

  • I am not one of those who do not beieve in love at first sight, but I believe in taking a second look. - H. Vincent

  • A man in love schemes more than a hundred lawyers.- Spain

  • We always return to our first loves. - America

  • The eyes have one language everywhere. - Romania