History Lesson



Read the text.




If a task is once begun,

never leave it till its done.

Be the labor great or small,

do it well or not at all.


There are so many things I can be when I leave school! I can enter a college or an institute or a university, or go to work at a factory, an office or on a farm. Some of my friends havent made up their mind yet what to do after leaving school. But most of my classmates know very well what to do and what profession to choose for living. Scholars say that there are five types of professions: man plus man, man plus nature, man plus machinery, man plus artistic image, man plus sign systems.

What job is good for you? In what field could you express yourself most of all? Do you know that there are more than 3,000 occupations in the world? Choosing your job you should think of your enthusiasms and what job is in demand at the moment.

If choosing your future job you have any difficulties, you should consult a psychologist who can help you to choose your future profession.

Whatever your future job will be, first of all you are supposed to do well at school and learn all you can through reading, attending optional classes at school and preparatory courses at higher educational establishments.

You have to work hard during your school years. Remember, Knowledge has a bitter root but a sweet fruit. Your self-confidence will grow up gradually. Be determined and try hard. There is another good proverb, Where there is a will there is a way.


Ex.1 Match the names of the professions with the pictures.


a) janitor  b) judge  c) cashier  d) bus driver  e) dentist  f) hair dresser.










Ex.2. Make up your own sentences using underlined words, phrases, and expressions from the text. Be sure that you know all these words and phrases.


Ex.3. Answer the questions.


  1. What did you want to be when you were a child?

  2. Have you changed your mind since then?

  3. What profession are you dreaming of?

  4. Are you sure that the profession you are going to choose is in demand now?

  5. Is this job well paid or underpaid?

  6. What type of professions does it belong to?

  7. What colleges or universities train this profession?

  8. You have to have entrance exams to be admitted to this college or a university, dont you?

  9. What are these exams?

10. Are you good at these subjects at school?

11. Are you well prepared for your entrance exams?

12. What are you doing to be well prepared for them?

13. Do your parents agree with your choice?

14. Does this occupation run in your family? If not, tell us what your parents do for living?


Ex.4.What is their job?  Read these sentences given below and try to guess about  the occupation described.


  1. Someone needs to take care of babies or little children. This is my job.

  2. Its our job to put out fires wherever they happen.

  3. I empty your cans of garbage into my truck. I drive the garbage to the city landfill or dump.

  4. I help keep your neighborhood safe and catch people who are breaking the law.

  5. We take care of you when you are sick or injured.

  6. I take care of cars and other vehicles.

  7. We help you at the grocery store.

  8. I sell food.

  9. We serve you breakfast. lunch or dinner.

10. I take care of animals when they are sick or injured.

11. We grow and harvest fruit and vegetables for you to eat.

12. I raise the cows that make the milk you drink.

13. I help you take care of your teeth.

14. I deliver the mail from the post-office to your house.

15. I help run a business.

16. My job is to help run the city.

17. I cook the meals in a restaurant.

18. My occupation is to make your clothes fit just right.

19. Its very important for everyone to keep the money safe. I help you do this.

20. I make bread, cookies, and cakes.

21. I work on the stories in a newspaper or a book.

22. I create things to play with.


Possible answers:


      lawyers and judges                                    a tailor

      doctors or nurses                                      a banker

      a baby sitter                                              a veterinarian

      Mayor of the city                                       an editor

      a mechanic                                                a grocer

      a mail carrier or postal worker                   helpers in a grocery store

      a baker                                                     waiters

      a firefighter                                                farmers and farm workers

      a chief                                                       a secretary

      a sanitation worker                                    a dentist

      a toy maker                                               a dairy farmer

      a police officer 


Ex.5. Now read these short texts and try to guess about the occupation of these people. See the answers on next page.



 I give out hundreds of telephone numbers every day. I like talking to people every day. I earn around $20,00 a year. But I dont feel very secure - I can lose my job because of automation. Computers do everything these days. So, I am studying to be a computer programmer at high school.


 My clients are business travelers. I make plane, hotel and car reservations for them. My annual salary isnt very high - only $24,000, but I like my job.  Its pretty secure, because travel is a growing field. Also, I often travel in order to learn about cities, hotels, airlines and tours. And when I do, everything is free - the plane tickets, the hotel rooms and so on


In my job I mainly work with athletes who have sports injuries. Sometimes the athletes are famous, and thats always exciting. My salary is good - 38,000 a year. I always have a lot of patients. Doctors are too busy to do my job these days. They are happy to give the work to specialists like us.


Hersheys able to manufacture 33 million Kisses a day. 20,000 Kisses pass my inspection station each minute. Thats quite a few. So I have to stay alert. The large majority of pieces are in very good shape. What I am looking for? Well, some pieces arent quite there. They may lean to one side or be too curly at the top. They could be flat or too small. It is my job to catch the defective ones before they head straight for some kids Halloween bag.


Ex.6. Give an action verb for each profession listed.


a detective                                            a student

           a carpenter                                           an athlete

           a secretary                                           a butcher

           a teacher                                              a doctor

           a disc jockey (DJ)                                a sheriff

           a ballerina                                            a lawyer  

           a musician                                            a telephone repairman

           an author                                              an astronaut

           an accountant                                       a rancher

           a congressmen                                     a photographer

           a judge                                                a model

           a watchman                                         an architect

           a gardener                                           an artist


E.g.      A ballerina dances.

 Possible answers: writes, guards, builds, investigates, files, types, instructs, adjusts, sentences, poses, climbs, shoots, lifts off, listens, herds, pleads, arrests, works out, carves, announces,  cultivates, pirouettes,  dances, tunes, plans, sketches, prescribes, legislates.


 Ex.7. Can you name at least 6-8 professions belonging to each of 5 types


man plus man, man plus machinery, man plus nature, man plus sign systems man plus artistic images?


Ex.8. Do you know these proverbs? Give Russian equivalents.


              1. As busy as a bee.

              2. He works best who knows his trade.

              3. No pain, no gain.

              4. Where there is a will there is a way.

              5. Knowledge has a bitter root but a sweet fruit.

              6. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.


Ex.9. Make up your own short dialogues using the proverbs listed in ex.8.



A:  Listen, I called you at 10. You were doing laundry. I called you at 12, but you were busy again - cooking lunch. I called you at 2 p.m. You were washing up the dishes. At 3 p.m. you were doing your homework.

B: Yes, and now I am busy again. I am supposed to help my sister with her mathematics. If I dont, shell be in trouble. Tomorrow she is going to have a test. Besides, it is my turn to water the flowers in the yard and...

A: Oh, gosh! By the way, you know they say, All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.



Answers to ex.5:  (Travel agent, candy man, telephone operator, physical therapist)



Its Interesting

Salaries and Job Stresses in the USA


Stress rating                          Job                                    Average salary p/year 1997 ($)


 Very high                    Air traffic controller                                                     43,300

                                   Police officer                                                               32,900

 High                           Doctor                                                                        148,000

                                   Lawyer                                                                       60,000

                                   Airline pilot                                                                 56,500

                                   Nurse                                                                         35,700

 Average                     College professor                                                        70,000

                                   High school teacher                                                     32,000

                                   Travel agent                                                                24,000

                                   Restaurant cook                                                          13,000

 Low                           Receptionist                                                                16,000


 What other professions are stressful?

 What other professions have high salaries?

 What about your country?


Ex.10. Find two jobs for each category. Ask your classmates if they agree.


A high salary job, a low salary job, a stressful job, a dangerous job, an exciting job, a difficult job, a boring job, an easy job.


        A: A doctor has an exciting job.

        B: A doctors job isnt exciting. It is stressful.

        C: I agree. I think a doctor has a stressful job. 


Ex.11. Do you know who...


         a) wears a uniform?                                 f) works hard?

         b) stands all day?                                    g) works at night?

         c) sits all day?                                         h) works two shifts?

         d) handles money?                                  i) carries a gun?

         e) talks to people?                                   j) works mostly outside?


Ex.12. Read this dialogue.


        Two little children are talking.

 A: Listen, your father is a dentist, but your baby brother doesnt have teeth! How come?*

B: A big deal! If it comes to that, your mother is a hairdresser, but your baby sister has no hair!


Now pair up with another student and try to make up your own dialogues using different pairs of professions.


How come?*  -  Why?   (Am.sl.)