History Lesson



Read the text.



Most people today see the world through the medium of TV. In many countries, it is not only a source of news and entertainment but also of education. There are lots of educational programs on different subjects in many countries.

There are cable TV networks, which specialize in sport, movies, health care, politics, and many other areas of interest to people.  It is hard to imagine the world without TV. We hurry home to catch a favorite cartoon before supper, then watch the news during supper, and finally relax with a cup of tea after supper - while we watch the latest popular soap opera, mystery, or a variety show.

Daytime TV is for housewives and students. A housewife may do her ironing to a melodrama. Students can waste their time in front of The Young and the Restless.

TV is a baby-sitter for many children whose parents are too busy to give them the constant attention they demand.

It is a company for the lonely.

It is a relief from study, and it is an escape from the realities of life.

The question is, is it a good thing? Many parents forbid their children to watch TV or, at least, try to control how much TV they watch. They believe that TV watching makes children stay at home too much. They dont get outside to play enough and develop unhealthy bodies. Their eyes are injured too, and they end up wearing glasses earlier than they would have normally. Moreover, there is too much violence and mindlessness on TV, so the mental development of people is slowed. They never really learn to think or imagine. Rather, they are spoon-fed with everything and never learn how to analyze things. They begin to think that there is a simple solution to all problems, usually shooting the bad guy.

This could be dangerous for society. A non-thinking public, which sees violence as a good solution to many of life problems, is a very good thing for power-seeking demagogues who only want to manipulate public opinion for their own interests.

There are many other objections to TV. However, there are also many positive aspects to TV.

   Could you live without TV?


   Ex.1. What are arguments for and against TV in the article?


   A.      TV is a good thing ...

   1) because it.  .

   2) because we can  .

   3) because it.  .

   4) because.  .



   B.      TV is a bad thing...

   1) because children .

   2) because theres.  .

   3) because people   .

   4) because parents   .



Ex.2. Two students are talking about TV. Fill in the blanks. To see how well you did, check the answers on page 126.


A.  I love TV. Watching 1)_____ like A Diamond Arm 2) _____  me  to relax and 3)____ the realities of life.


B. 4) ______, thats just it.  How 5)____ you  escape the realities 6)  _____  life? Why would you 7)____  to? Real life is 8)_____ interesting than TV.


A.  Oh, yeah! Well, 9)____ is part of life 10)____ . Besides, I can learn 11)___ lot of useful information  12)_____ TV.


B.  Well, its true. But there is so 13)____violence and mindlessness. How 14)____you  stand it? Some of these movies are just silly.


A.  Yes, 15)____ people need something silly  16)____ in a while. Anyway, 17)___  live alone  and TV 18) _____ a good companion at  19)______.


B.  That may be true, 20)____ dont  you think that 21) ____destroys our imagination? We 22)____learn to think by 23)____ TV.  TV always has 24)____ simple solution to every 25) _____ .


A.  Well, thats just what 26)____ like. Life is so 27)____, so its nice to 28)____ some  simple solutions.


B.  Well, 29)_____ really disagree. I think 30)____ complications  are more interesting  31)_____ TVs simple solutions. As for 32)____, I can live without TV.



Ex.3. What are some new arguments for and against TV? Make complete sentences.


           For example:  TV is bad for teenagers because it gives them strange ideas.




Ex.4. Make up some sentences using linking verbs such as look, sound,  feel,  smell, taste, seem, stay, appear, become.    Mind the rule:




On TV, people look interesting.

On TV commercials, the food seems to taste so good.


In the exercises and discussions try to use verbs like these a few times.



Ex. 5.Answer the questions.


 1. You have TV at home, dont you?

 2. How many channels can you watch?

 3. What is your favorite one?

        (E.g.: I like to watch soaps.

                My favorite channel is The Animal Channel.

                I dont have favorite channels; I just sit there flipping and flipping.

                I watch talk shows.

                I just cant live without MTV. I think MTV is the lifeblood of teenagers in our

                city. So many ideas from abroad!

                As for me, I prefer mysteries. Its so exciting! )

4. How often do you watch TV?

5. How many hours do you usually spend sitting in front of the so-called tube?

6. If you have a spare time what would you prefer: to read a book, to listen to music,

    to talk to your parents, to play with your pets or to watch TV?

7. Some years ago people lived without TV. Can you imagine that?

    What would you do if you didnt have TV?

    What would you have done if you had lived in those days :

    - to read more;                                - to learn how to sew, to knit, to type and so on;

    - to study harder;                            - to help about the house;

    - to play sport;                                - to learn foreign languages;

    - to go out for walks;                      - to go to the theater or cinema more often than nowadays?



    Ex. 6. Read the dialogue. Work in pairs.


- Do you like surprises?

- Sometimes. What is it?

- We have a chance to win some great prizes.

- How? Go on a TV quiz show?

- You guessed it! I decided it would be fun!

- Im not good at quizzes.

- But the second prize is a new watch!

- I dont need any more watches.

- And the first prize is a million dollars!

- Thats not so great. You have to pay taxes on prize money. Do you know that?



       Answers to exercise 2. 


    1) a movie (a film)                11) a                            21) TV

    2) helps                                12) through                  22) never

    3) escape                             13) much                      23) watching

    4) To escape                        14) can                        24) a

    5) can                                   15) some                     25) problem

    6) of everyday                       16) once                     26) I

    7) have                                  17) many people         27) hard (complicated)

    8) more                                 18) is                           28) have

    9) TV                                    19) dinner (supper)      29) I                            31) than

  10) too                                    20) but                        30) life                         32) me



Time for fun. Enjoy this poem.





In the house                                                                Then How do you do?

of Mr. and Mrs. Spouse                                              said he to she.

he and she                                                                  I dont believe

would watch teevee                                                    That weve met yet.

and never a word                                                        Spouse is my name.  

between them spoken                                                 Whats yours? he asked.

until the day                                                                Why, mines the same!

the set was broken.                                                     Said she to he.  


Do you suppose that we could be - ?

                                   But the set came suddenly right about,

                                   and so they never did find out.