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THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA.
English is spoken
in many countries of the world. Do you know in what countries English is
First of all it is
Great Britain, and then you should remember about the United States of
America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Today we shall
speak about one of the English-Speaking Countries. Look at this picture and
answer my questions:
What country is it?
Is it big or small?
Is this an island or continent?
What oceans is this country washed by?
Well, let's speak
The official name
of Australia is the Commonwealth of Australia.
information on the screen.
The history of
Australia began many years ago.
Let's read the text
about the history of Australia and then answer some questions.
coast of Australia was discovered by captain Cook in 1770. It was then first
used as a colony for convicts (каторжник). Other
settlements of a few three settlers began to appear. Of these settlements
Sydney was the most important; but other smaller settlements for convicts
were in Tasmania, at Brisbane, and on the Swan River in Western Australia.
settlers were very cruel (жестокий) to the
aborigines. They were killed or driven away from their lands. The discovery
of gold in 1851 brought many people to Australia and the character of the
colony began to change. But still, the raising (разведение)
of sheep was for a long time the most important occupation for the
end of the 19th century, the Australian colonies began to discuss
some form of union. They formed a federation, the new constitution was
introduced on January 1, 1901; and the birth of the new nation was
1. What part
of Australia was first used as a colony?
2. How did the
early settlers behave towards the aborigines?
3. Why did very
many people go to Australia after 1851?
4. When was the new
nation born in Australia?
information on the screen and try to understand it.
Now we shall speak
about wild life of Australia.
information on the screen and try to understand it.
Do You know what is
the capital of Australia? Yes, you are right, it is Canberra.
You should remember that there are 5
big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.
And now I want ask some questions
about what factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia?
Слайд 20, 21,
22, 23, 24, 25, 26.
You've got general information about
Australia and now I believe you can answer my questions. But you have the
text about Australia. This text help you to find the answers.
Commonwealth of Australia.
The Commonwealth of Australia is a
federal state within the Commonwealth. Its territories are the continent of
Australia, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands. It has
an area of about 8 million square kilometers.
The continent is
mostly a great plain with mountains in the east and south-east. The
western part of the continent forms a plateau which occupies half of
the continent. The Central Lowlands is very dry. Through the eastern part of
these Central Lowlands run Australia.s greatest rivers, the Murray and the
Darling. A number of short rivers flow from the Australian Alps and the Blue
Mountains into the Pacific Ocean.
several different climatic regions, from warm to subtropical and tropical.
The winds from the sea bring heavy rainfalls, especially in tropical summer.
The climate in the west is very dry and more than half of Australia gets
very little rain. In the south-west and east the winds bring rain in winter.
forests in the north and north-east are displaced by savanna or
grassland. In the south-east and on the sides of the mountains there are
forests of eucalyptus and other evergreen trees. There are two hot
deserts in the central and western parts of the continent.
There are many
wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo, the dingo and
the koala are not found in any other country of the world. Australia has
been called .the land of differences. and .the continent of contrasts..
There are many ways in which it is different from other countries. Australia
was separated from the other continents and her animals developed
differently. Of these, the strangest of all are the water-loving
platypus and the echidna. Australia is also the home of the
kangaroos. The koala is a tree-loving, comical-looking animal that lives on
the leaves of eucalyptus trees. It will eat nothing more. The dingo is the
only killer among the native animals. Most of them now live in
mountains or hills. The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The
emu, for example, which with kangaroo, is represented on the
Australian coat-of-arms, is the next-tallest bird in the world after
The capital of
Australia is Canberra. There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney,
Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane. There are about 15 million people
in Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia consists of six states and two
territories: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western
Australia, Tasmania, the Federal Capital Territory and the Northern
Territory. The Commonwealth of Australia is a self-governing federal state.
Formally the head of the state is the king or queen of England represented
by the Governor-General. The Federal Parliament consists of the
Senate and the House of Representatives. The federal government of the
country is headed by the Prime Minister.
By whom was Australia
discovered and when was it happened?
When was the birth of the
new nation celebrated?
What is the official name
What landscape is typical
Name the greatest rivers
What animals live in
Name big cities of
What is the capital of
Australia was discovered
by Captain Cook.
The birth of the new
nation was celebrated on January 1, 1901.
It is the Commonwealth of
Much of the land is a
useless desert, it is mostly a great plain with mountains too.
They are the Murray and
They are the kangaroo,
the dingo, the emu, the platypus, the koala, the echidna.
There are 5 big cities in
Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.
The capital of
Australia is Canberra
home task: be ready for retelling .
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