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Гостевая книга

 

 

Тема: Проблемы окружающей среды

 Кузнецова Роза Георгиевна

учитель английского языка СОШ № 15 г. Нерюнгри

Цели:

1. Развивающая: - развитие объема памяти, развитие способности к логическому изложению содержания, развитие умения вести беседу по заданной ситуации.

2. Воспитательная: - развитие обеспокоенности ситуацией, формирование ответственного и бережного  отношения к окружающей среде  родного края, воспитание правильного экологического поведения.

3. Обучающая: совершенствование навыков монологической речи, совершенствование навыков аудирования с опорой на увиденное, совершенствование навыков извлечения основной информации.

 

Оборудование: компьютер, проектор

 

Тип урока: урок-экскурсия.

 

Формы и методы: беседа, обсуждение

 

План урока

I. Организационный момент

II. Введение в речевую среду и совершенствование навыков аудирования.

III. Развитие навыков диалогической с извлечением необходимой информации.

IV. Развитие монологического высказывания .

V. Активизация навыков письма.

VI. Активизация навыков работы в группах

VII. Подведение итогов урока.

VIII. Рефлексия.

 

Ход урока

I. Организационный момент

Today we’ll have an unusual lesson. We’ll have a trip to Australia. Before planning traveling I want to tell you that I’ve received an invitation. My friends invite me to visit them. They want to know as much information about environmental problems of our region as possible.

II. Введение в речевую среду.

Yesterday I saw a terrible news report and I want to show it to you. (Выпуск новостей об экологической ситуации в районе реки Вилюй)

T: What is this news about (it’s about pollution of the river Vilyui). Is it a bad problem? (Yes, it is). What kind of problem is it? (It’s an ecological problem).What do you mean? (It’s water pollution).

Thank you for your answers. Let’s speak about school now. Do we have ecological problems in our school? What are they?

(Картинки)

P1: Litter after the lessons in the class rooms

P2: A lot of dust in the classrooms and corridors

P3: Pupils don’t bring a second pair of shoes

P4: Not enough plants

T: So, we know about our problems and it is high time to start our trip to Australia. Are you ready to travel? OK, close your eyes. Let’s go!

(Звучит музыка)

T: Here we are at last!

Here we are in Sydney, the largest and oldest city in Australia. Sydney is home to nearly four million people. Sydney’s population is mainly English in background, but more than a quarter of its residents were born overseas! The main countries of origin are the UK and Ireland, New Zealand, Europe, former Eastern Bloc countries, Lebanon and South East Asia. Although English is the main language spoken, one in five Australians speaks a language other than English. Italian, Greek, Arabic/Lebanese, Chinese and Spanish are the foreign languages most commonly spoken. Tourists from all over the world are attracted by Sydney’s natural beauty, Mediterranean climate, and its impressive galleries, museums, architecture and parks. With a warm, sunny climate it is not surprising that Sydney is city of sport lovers. No wonder the city was chosen to host the 2000 Olympic Games.

 

III. Развитие навыков диалогической речи с извлечением необходимой информации

P1: What are your first impressions of Australia?

P2: The first thing I was impressed with was how polite and helpful everyone here is.

P1: Yes. Australians are very friendly

P2: Even the drivers here are nice. They stop their cars and wait for pedestrians to cross. Pedestrians always have the «right of way». And buses and taxis are given a special lane, so that people who use public transportation rarely wait in traffic. That’s great!

P1: What about you, Olga? What did you notice?

P3: I am very impressed by the number of different plants and birds that live right in the city.

Sydney is surrounded by national parks. Even in the center of the city, birds nest in trees beside office towers and busy streets. It seems like Australians really love nature P1:Yes, we do. We try to protect our nature and our animals. We became aware of our environmental problems only after we realized that too many trees had been cut down and many animal species had been lost. Now we have separate recycling bins for cans, bottles and general garbage in several locations throughout the city. And today new trees are being planted all over Australia.

 

IV. Развитие навыков монологического высказывания.

P4: As for me, I want to tell you about our native place. The nature is diverse including the Artic tundra on the coast of the North Ocean and the rocky mountains of the Aldan plateau southwards. The climate is sharply continental. Winters are extremely cold .In summer the sun doesn’t set for many days, while in winter the popular night reigns there long months. The inimitable Lena River flows as long as 4, 5 thousand kilometers. The voyage aboard the comfortable pleasure boat from the rivers source to its mouth will impress you immensely. Fishing will be real pleasure for angels. (Слайды о Якутии)

Р5: Yakutia is a hospitable land. Yakutsk is connected with the cities and settlements of the CIS with dense web of air routes. You can see for yourselves that Yakutia is wonderful land which has no equals in the world? But the ecological situation is very serious in some areas of our republic. The water of the Vilyui and Indigirka rives is poisoned. Land around large industrial centres such as Neryungri and Mirny is polluted. Plants are poisoned. Scientists warn not to pick up mushrooms and berries nearby roads. Forests are cut down or are burned by fire. Birds and animals vanish. Our environment is in danger. It needs protection. Nature’s state influences our health. We should think more about preserving forests, rivers, animals, plants and the beauty of nature. But still nature needs our help. We must change our attitude towards environment, must not do any harm to it, and take real care of our land. (Слайды о Якутии)

 

V. Активизация навыков письма.

T: We see it is personal action that will help preserve the world’s environment. Actions which are simple and quick. Yet overall they will make an effective and positive contribution to the environment. There are many actions that each person can take every day. Let us remember and write.

Some hints on how you can make a difference!

The following is a list of tips that are given to Australian students to save energy. Which of these tips are applicable for where you live?

Which of these do you already practice?

(Возможные варианты ответов)

1. Walk or ride a bike whenever possible 2. Turn off lights and other electrical equipment when not in use 3. Take shorter showers to save water 4. Buy products that are recycled, recyclable, reliable, repairable, refillable, reusable 5. Write on both sides of paper 6. Put on more clothing in winter instead of turning up the heater 7. Try to cook several meals at a time 8. Travel to work of school in a car pool 9. Use public transport or your bike instead of a car 10. Walk to the local shops if possible; don’t drive there 11. Recycle oil, metal, paper, glass and plastic 12. Repair leaking taps 13. Do not leave the taps running 14. Use mugs or glasses instead of paper cups 15. Make sure the refrigerator door is fully closed

 

VI. Активизация навыков работы в группах

T: Now let’s think how can you solve the ecological problems? I will divide you into 2 groups: Australian school Green Peace, Town Green Peace and international Green Peace. Each group should choose right statements for their green peace organizations and make a poster with them.

(Раздать каждой группе бумагу, клей, фломастеры)

Clean the classrooms Arrange wild parks all over the world Don’t throw out chemical waste into the oceans and seas Water the flowers in the classrooms Close factories that produce waste in your town Don’t throw the rubbish in the classrooms Don’t cut down rain forests Bring a second pairs of shoes with you Build more recycling centers Don’t throw the litter on the beaches Take care of endangered animals and birds Plant more flowers and trees in the city Don’t run along the corridors Don’t build many roads in the city

 

VII. Подведение итогов урока.

T: We are all part of the natural environment and need to be responsible for our interactions with our environment. My advice to all children and grown ups is to recognize the importance of our planets naturals systems and variety of life. We need to thing about our part in the environment and how our actions, such as, our use of water, production of rubbish and energy consumption can directly destroy our wildlife and natural habitats.

If we don’t begin to change our behavior, we will have no world to live. You can recycle, walk or ride a bike, plant a tree and appreciate the beauty of the nature around you.

 

VIII. Рефлексия.

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