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Гостевая книга

 

 

Тема урока: «Health Problems. Healthy Way of Life» (9 класс)

Жиркова Ольга Александровна

СОШ № 3 г. Ртищево, Саратовской области

 

Цель урока: вывести учащихся на творческий уровень владения письменной речью на основе подготовительных и продуктивных упражнений по аудированию, чтению, говорению.

 

Задачи:

 

Учебные:

продолжить формировать и совершенствовать лексические и грамматические навыки и умения  делать вывод, обобщать, выделять проблемы, сокращать и расширять тексты в устном и письменном изложении в рамках изучаемой темы на основе дифференциации; способствовать выработке умений формировать устные и письменные неподготовленные сообщения с опорой на источник информации, на жизненный и речевой опыт; продолжить формирование навыков и совершенствовать умения составлять план  устного и письменного сообщения.

 

Развивающие:

развивать умение систематизировать знания, память, креативное мышление, логику изложения в устной и письменной речи, делать умозаключения.

 

Воспитательные:

Формировать сознание  необходимости беречь здоровье, что следует делать / не делать, чтобы быть здоровым; прививать познавательный интерес, интерес к творческой деятельности.

 

Тип занятия:

закрепление полученных ЗУН.

 

Вид занятия:

урок – практикум по аудированию, чтению, говорению, письму.

 

Методы обучения:

по степени самостоятельности мышления учащихся: репродуктивные, продуктивные; по степени управления учебной работой: под управлением учителя, самостоятельная работа.

 

Материально – дидактическое оснащение:

учебник, проектор, компьютер, экран, доска, MP3, карточки.

 

Ход урока:

 

I. Организационный момент.

Hello, dear children! I am glad to see you! Today we`ll devote our lesson to reading, writing, speaking about health, health problems and healthy way of life, what to do to be healthy, because health is considered to be above wealth.

 

II. Фонетическая и речевая зарядка.

1. What word is it? Listen to its definition and the number of letters in it. Then say a word and spell it.

1) It is a dangerous disease. 6 letters - (c-a-n-c-e-r).

2) You should reduce it to be healthy. 6 letters - (w-e-i-g-h-t).

3) They are very useful for your health. 8 letters - (v-i-t-a-m-i-n-s).

4) It is one of the modern bad habits. 7 letters - (s-m-o-k-i-n-g).

5) When we are ill or catch a cold we have it. 5 letters - (c-o-u-g-h).

6) He is a person, who follows a diet. 7 letters - (s-l-i-m-m-e-r).

 

2. Аудирование: Eating habits are very important. Every person chooses his own eating habits. One of them is to be a vegetarian. Listen to the text «Vegetarian». The text is a summary, which presents a description of the word vegetarian and counts the reasons to be a vegetarian.

While listening fill in the gaps to make the summary complete (слайд №1).

Заполнить письменно и прочитать.

 

 

Слайд №1

A vegetarian is someone who __________ eating meat. The word "vegetarian" comes from the Latin word vegetus ___________ "whole, fresh, full of life". According to the text people ________ to be vegetarians for six reasons. Here they are:

  1. It's __________ to kill animals for food.
  2. A vegetarian diet is ______________ than a diet that includes meat.
  3. A vegetarian diet is ______________ than a diet that includes meat.
  4. Some people are vegetarian because of their ____________ beliefs.
  5. Some people have ________________ to be vegetarian for ecological reasons.
  6. It's easier to grow vegetables than to raise vegetable-eating animals to _______ food for all the people.

 

 

Ключи:     1) avoids       5) healthier        8) chosen

                  2) meaning    6) cheaper         9) provide

                  3) choose       7) religious

                  4) wrong

 

III. Основная часть: 

3. Eating habits have much in common in many countries. Look through the text «Eating Habits in Britain» and write an outline and the summary of it. (группа сильных учащихся выполняет задание самостоятельно, один из учащихся выполняет задание на доске, чтение и анализ содержания текста выполнены на предыдущем уроке) (слайд №2).

 

Слайд №2

Eating Habits in Britain

The traditional British breakfast is a cooked meal of bacon, eggs and sausages, preceded by cereal or fruit and followed by toast. Nowadays, this large meal is served mainly in hotels and is very popular with foreign visitors. Britons may eat this big breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but they prefer a smaller, healthier meal to start a normal day. Lunch is a light meal and is eaten at school or work at about 1 p.m. Lunch takes 30-40 minutes. Some offices have installed a microwave oven for employees to use. Popular lunches are: a salad or a sandwich; a baked potato; beans on toast.

Snacks are very popular in Britain, and many people frequently eat snacks between meals. Schools may also sell snacks, such as crisps, chocolate, sweets and biscuits. Instant snacks are the fastest-growing sector of the food market.

Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists of two courses-meat or fish and vegetables followed by a dessert or pudding. Convenience and frozen foods are especially popular. Convenience meals are already cooked- all you have to do is to heat them up in the microwave. Most supermarkets sell a range of pre-packed meals to be heated in the microwave.

Take-aways became extremely popular in the 1980s. The traditional British take-away is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar. Some fish and chips still wrap your meal in newspaper, others use special bags to keep it warm. Some give you a plastic fork. Most towns and cities now offer a wide range of take-away meals, from American-stily hamburgers to Turkish kebabs. Many families prefer to eat take-away food for dinner instead of cooking.

The British are famous for their love of sweet things, and afternoon tea with sandwiches, scones, jam and several different kinds of coke was once a traditional custom. Like the English cooked breakfast, it is now more often found in teashops and hotels than in private homes, and you can buy special guidebooks to tell you where the best afternoon teas are served. Most working people do not have teas as an afternoon "meal", but they do have a sport break in the middle of the afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often drunk with lunch and dinner.

Since the 1970s eating habits in Britain have undergone a change. People started to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight. High fibre foods and low fat foods can now be found in all shops and supermarkets.

The British have also started to count calories. They try to take in fewer calories and to follow a calorie-controlled diet. One of the fastest-growing sectors of the food market in Britain is slimming foods.

 

4. As you know health depends on good and bad habits. People should avoid bad habits to be healthy. At home you were to get ready for writing a dictation «Bad Habits». You`ll have some minutes to write it now. ( Контроль домашнего задания группы менее сильных учащихся на основе самодиктанта по лексико-грамматической таблице упр.№4(2) стр.105.)

Выборочное прочтение диктанта с последующей проверкой; анализ плана и summary коллективно.

 

5. Health problems are paid much attention to in mass media.

1). Read the article, fill in the gaps in it and spell the words. (Слайд № 3)

2). Name the problems the article covers.

 

Слайд №3

Fill in the blanks and spell the words. The first letter of each missing word has been given.

People nowadays are more health-conscious than they used to be. We jog to keep f_____ or take other forms of regular e_____. Thousands of go to a g________ on a regular basis. Many more d______ to lose weight. Fortunately, s______ has been banned on most flights and in most public places because everyone agrees it does h_______ to our health. However, there are killed d__________ like AIDs and cancer which still seem to be incurable. And malaria is the biggest cause of d___________ in the Third World. Heart a________ remain the most common cause of deaf in Europe. The importance of h________ is reflected in everyday expressions such as "to drink to someone's health" or saying "Your health!" as we drink a glass of wine.

 

6. Read the article «A Breath of Fresh Air» and mind the highlighted words. Name the words they are derived from. (задание выполняет группа менее сильных учащихся) (Слайд №4)

a) unpopular – popular

    displeasing – please

    unhealthy – health

    undeniable – deny

    Irresistible – resist

    impossible – possible

    ineffective – effect

    illegal – legal

    unable – ability

    unbearable – bear

b) make the text short choosing key words and word combinations to name the main problems of the article (упражнение на перефразирование предложений, сужение текста).

 

Слайд №4

A Breath of fresh air

The British government has decided to take the unpopular decision to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a lot of people find smoking displeasing, and though experts all agree it is unhealthy and that it costs the state a lot to treat victims of smoking, it is also undeniable that many people get pleasure from the habit and find smoking irresistible when are in company.

However, it is now impossible to deny the anti-social nature of the habit. As advertising has proved ineffective with many smokers, the government has now made smoking illegal in most public places. Smokers who are unable to stop smoking may feel the new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for whom a room full of smoke is unbearable they will come as a breath of fresh air.

 

7. Релаксационная пауза:

Listen to the song”Daddy Cool”, please. It can be also a dance.

 

8. To be healthy grown – ups and children should lead a healthy way of life. What is a healthy way of life? What should people do and avoid?

1). Describe the situations in details where the sentences are used, express your wish, idea, doubts, agreement etc. (упражнение на расширение текста на основе домашнего задания группе сильных учащихся “Healthy Way of Life’’) (Слайд №5).

a) We should avoid different bad habits.

b) Joined by less dangerous habits, they affect our health.

c) What is tasty is not always healthy.

d) The fashion for healthy food is growing all the time.

e) There are a lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it.

f) People follow a calorie – controlled diet.

g) Excessive dieting is dangerous.

h) The way to stay healthy is physical activity.

i) It is necessary to take care of health.

j) Regularity promotes health.

 

Слайд №5

People nowadays are more health-conscious than they used to be. They understand that good health is above wealth.

To be healthy we should avoid different bad habits that can affect our health. In my opinion, smoking and drinking too much alcohol are the worst ones. It's common knowledge that smoking and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically. Smoking, for example, causes a number of heart and lung diseases such as pneumonia, cough and cancer. Besides, it makes your teeth yellow and skin unhealthy. Fortunately, in recent years smoking has received a lot of bad publicity, and fewer people smoke nowadays. Some companies don't employ people who are smokers. Smoking has been banned in most public places because everyone agrees it does harm to our health. As for me, I don't smoke, because I don't want to have unhealthy skin and teeth.

Smoking and drinking are joined by less dangerous habits such as skipping meals, eating unhealthy food or even overeating. Of course, they are not quite as deadly as smoking or drinking alcohol, but they affect our health.

If we eat too much, we'll become obese, and obesity leads to serious diseases. A lot of people like drinking Coca-Cola and coffee and enjoy pizzas and hamburgers. But what is tasty is not always healthy. Fast food makes you fat, that is why the Americans are the fattest people in the world.

In recent years eating habits have undergone a change. People are encouraged to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart disease. High fibre foods and low fat foods can now be found in all shops and supermarkets. Salads, beans, and fruit have taken the place of steak and ice-cream. The fashion for healthy food is growing all the time.

Many people feel they are too fat, even if their doctors disagree. And a lot of people try to improve their fitness. There are lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it. Perhaps, the most popular of them is following a diet. If you want to lose weight, you should cut out snacks and desserts and cut down on fat. People have also become more aware of calories, the energy value of food. Some people count the number of calories they eat every day, so that they can try take in fewer calories and lose weight. This is called a calorie-controlled diet. Manufacturers are increasingly producing special foods with fewer calories for slimmers.

But excessive dieting may be dangerous, too. Some people refuse to eat meat as they consider it harmful. They say a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of cancer and vegetarians live longer that others. I can't agree with them because meat is an excellent source of good nutrition. In my opinion, it's wrong to put down a food simply because excessive amounts can cause health problems. Consumed in moderate amounts, meat is perfectly good for our health.

To my mind, the only way to stay healthy and to keep fit is going in for sports. Among the benefits of regular exercise are a healthier heart, stronger bones, quicker reaction times and less susceptibility to various illnesses. Besides, you can eat and drink as you want because you are burning it all off.

To be healthy, it is also very important to spend a lot of time in the open air. It is useful to go for a walk before going to bed or to air the room.

I think it is very important to be fit and healthy, and it is necessary to take care of your health. Being fat, in fact, can cause real problems. It is harder for fat people to get a good job, or even to make friends. If you want to do well, you must be thin. That's why I go in for sports on a regular basis. I have been doing aerobics for three years and I feel great. I am not enthusiastic about strict dieting, but I try to eat only low-fat food, fruit and vegetables, which are rich in vitamins.

Personally I believe that regularity in life promotes our health. Sleeping eight or nine hours, getting up early, regular meals, a healthy diet and going in for sports is really a way to live.

 

2). You know much about bad and good health habits and the way to be healthy. What would you advise your friends and relatives to be healthy?

 

IV. Заключительная часть:

1. Рефлексия.

2. Анализ работы учащихся и подведение итогов.

3. Домашнее задание:

группе продвинутых учащихся написать сочинение с планом  «My Health»;

группе менее сильных  учащихся написать статью в газету о здоровом образе жизни.    

 

Использованная литература:

 

1.УМК «English-9» Кузовлёв В. П. Издательство «Просвещение», 2004.

2. Устные темы, диалоги и упражнения по английскому языку к учебнику Кузовлёва В. П.и др. «English-9» Е. Ю. Смирнова; А. В. Смирнов. Издательство «Экзамен», Москва 2004.

3. Дополнительные упражнения по английскому языку Ю. А. Боярской к учебнику В. П. Кузовлёва и др. «English-9». Издательство «Экзамен», 2003.

4. Дидактические карточки-задания по английскому языку Г. С. Макаровой к учебнику В. П. Кузовлёва и др. Издательство «Экзамен», 2003.

5. Дидактические материалы Английский язык. Развитие навыков повседневной и академической письменной речи О. Ю. Болтневой. Издательство «Дрофа», 2004.

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