Тема урока: «Health Problems. Healthy Way of Life» (9
Жиркова Ольга Александровна
СОШ № 3 г. Ртищево, Саратовской области
Цель урока: вывести учащихся на творческий уровень владения
письменной речью на основе подготовительных и продуктивных упражнений по
аудированию, чтению, говорению.
продолжить формировать и совершенствовать лексические и грамматические навыки и
умения делать вывод, обобщать, выделять проблемы, сокращать и расширять тексты
в устном и письменном изложении в рамках изучаемой темы на основе
дифференциации; способствовать выработке умений формировать устные и письменные
неподготовленные сообщения с опорой на источник информации, на жизненный и
речевой опыт; продолжить формирование навыков и совершенствовать умения
составлять план устного и письменного сообщения.
развивать умение систематизировать знания, память, креативное мышление, логику
изложения в устной и письменной речи, делать умозаключения.
Формировать сознание необходимости беречь здоровье, что следует делать / не
делать, чтобы быть здоровым; прививать познавательный интерес, интерес к
закрепление полученных ЗУН.
урок – практикум по аудированию, чтению, говорению, письму.
по степени самостоятельности мышления учащихся: репродуктивные, продуктивные; по
степени управления учебной работой: под управлением учителя, самостоятельная
Материально – дидактическое оснащение:
учебник, проектор, компьютер, экран, доска, MP3,
I. Организационный момент.
Hello, dear children!
I am glad to see you! Today we`ll devote our lesson to
reading, writing, speaking about health, health problems and healthy way of
life, what to do to be healthy, because health is considered to be above wealth.
II. Фонетическая и речевая зарядка.
1. What word is it? Listen to its
definition and the number of letters in it. Then say a word and spell it.
1) It is a dangerous disease. 6 letters - (c-a-n-c-e-r).
2) You should reduce it to be healthy. 6 letters - (w-e-i-g-h-t).
3) They are very useful for your health. 8 letters - (v-i-t-a-m-i-n-s).
4) It is one of the modern bad habits. 7 letters - (s-m-o-k-i-n-g).
5) When we are ill or catch a cold we have it. 5 letters -
6) He is a person, who follows a diet. 7 letters - (s-l-i-m-m-e-r).
2. Аудирование: Eating habits are
very important. Every person chooses his own eating habits. One of them is to be
a vegetarian. Listen to the text «Vegetarian». The text is a summary, which
presents a description of the word vegetarian and counts the reasons to be a
While listening fill in the gaps to make the summary complete
Заполнить письменно и прочитать.
vegetarian is someone who __________ eating meat. The word
"vegetarian" comes from the Latin word vegetus ___________
fresh, full of life".
According to the text people ________ to be
vegetarians for six reasons. Here they
to kill animals for food.
A vegetarian diet is
______________ than a diet that includes
A vegetarian diet is
______________ than a diet that includes
Some people are vegetarian
because of their ____________ beliefs.
Some people have
________________ to be vegetarian for
It's easier to grow
vegetables than to raise vegetable-eating
animals to _______ food for
all the people.
Ключи: 1) avoids 5)
healthier 8) chosen
2) meaning 6) cheaper 9) provide
3) choose 7) religious
III. Основная часть:
3. Eating habits have much in common in many countries. Look
through the text «Eating Habits in Britain» and write an outline and the summary
of it. (группа сильных учащихся выполняет задание самостоятельно, один из
учащихся выполняет задание на доске, чтение и анализ содержания текста выполнены
на предыдущем уроке) (слайд №2).
Eating Habits in Britain
The traditional British
breakfast is a cooked meal of bacon, eggs and
sausages, preceded by cereal or fruit and followed by toast. Nowadays, this
large meal is served mainly in hotels
and is very popular with foreign visitors. Britons may eat this big
breakfast at weekends or on special occasions but they prefer a
smaller, healthier meal to start a normal day. Lunch is a light meal and is
eaten at school or work at about 1 p.m. Lunch takes 30-40 minutes.
Some offices have installed a microwave
oven for employees to use. Popular lunches are: a salad or a
sandwich; a baked potato; beans on toast.
Snacks are very popular in
Britain, and many people frequently eat snacks
between meals. Schools may
also sell snacks, such as crisps, chocolate, sweets
and biscuits. Instant snacks are the fastest-growing
sector of the food market.
Dinner is usually the main meal of the day and consists
of two courses-meat or fish and vegetables followed by a dessert or pudding.
Convenience and frozen foods are especially popular. Convenience meals are
already cooked- all you have to do is to heat them up in the microwave. Most
supermarkets sell a range of pre-packed meals to be heated in the microwave.
Take-aways became extremely popular in the 1980s. The
traditional British take-away is fish and chips eaten with salt and vinegar.
Some fish and chips still wrap your meal in newspaper, others use special
bags to keep it warm. Some give you a plastic fork. Most towns and cities
now offer a wide range of take-away
meals, from American-stily hamburgers to Turkish kebabs. Many
families prefer to eat take-away food for dinner instead of cooking.
The British are famous for their love of sweet things,
and afternoon tea with sandwiches,
scones, jam and several different kinds of coke was once a
traditional custom. Like the English cooked breakfast, it is now more often
found in teashops and hotels than in
private homes, and you can buy special guidebooks to tell you where
the best afternoon teas are served. Most working people do not have teas as
an afternoon "meal", but they do have a sport break in the middle of the
afternoon for a cup of tea. Tea is often drunk with lunch and dinner.
Since the 1970s eating habits in Britain have undergone a
change. People started to eat less fat and more fibre. Fat is believed to be
one of the major causes of obesity and
heart disease. Forty per cent of adults in Britain are overweight.
High fibre foods and low fat foods can now be found in all shops and
The British have also
started to count calories. They try to take in fewer
calories and to follow a calorie-controlled diet. One of
the fastest-growing sectors of the food market in Britain is slimming foods.
4. As you know health depends on good and bad habits. People
should avoid bad habits to be healthy. At home you were to get ready for writing
a dictation «Bad Habits». You`ll have some minutes to
write it now. ( Контроль домашнего задания группы менее сильных учащихся
на основе самодиктанта по лексико-грамматической таблице упр.№4(2) стр.105.)
Выборочное прочтение диктанта с последующей проверкой; анализ плана и
5. Health problems are paid much attention to in mass media.
1). Read the article, fill in the
gaps in it and spell the words. (Слайд № 3)
2). Name the problems the article
Fill in the blanks and spell the words. The first letter of each
missing word has been given.
People nowadays are more
health-conscious than they used to be.
We jog to keep f_____ or take other forms of regular e_____.
Thousands of go to a g________ on
a regular basis. Many more d______ to
lose weight. Fortunately, s______
has been banned on most flights
and in most public places because
everyone agrees it does h_______ to our health. However, there are killed
d__________ like AIDs and cancer
which still seem to be incurable. And malaria is the
biggest cause of d___________ in
the Third World. Heart a________ remain the most common cause of deaf in
Europe. The importance of h________ is
reflected in everyday expressions such as "to drink to
someone's health" or saying "Your health!" as we drink a glass of
6. Read the article «A Breath of Fresh Air» and mind the
highlighted words. Name the words they are derived from. (задание
выполняет группа менее сильных учащихся) (Слайд №4)
a) unpopular – popular
displeasing – please
unhealthy – health
undeniable – deny
Irresistible – resist
impossible – possible
ineffective – effect
illegal – legal
unable – ability
unbearable – bear
b) make the text short choosing key words and word
combinations to name the main problems of the article (упражнение на
перефразирование предложений, сужение текста).
A Breath of fresh air
The British government has
decided to take the unpopular
decision to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a lot of
people find smoking displeasing, and though experts all agree it is
unhealthy and that it costs the state a lot to treat
victims of smoking, it is also
undeniable that many people get pleasure from the habit and find smoking
irresistible when are in company.
However, it is now
impossible to deny the anti-social nature of the habit. As advertising
has proved ineffective with many
smokers, the government has now made smoking illegal in most
public places. Smokers who are unable to stop smoking may
feel the new measures are unjust, but for
the passive smokers for whom a room full of smoke is unbearable
they will come as a breath of fresh air.
7. Релаксационная пауза:
Listen to the song”Daddy Cool”, please. It can be also a
8. To be healthy grown – ups and children should lead a
healthy way of life. What is a healthy way of life? What should people do and
1). Describe the situations in details where the sentences
are used, express your wish, idea, doubts, agreement etc. (упражнение на
расширение текста на основе домашнего задания группе сильных учащихся “Healthy
Way of Life’’) (Слайд №5).
a) We should avoid different bad habits.
b) Joined by less dangerous habits, they affect our health.
c) What is tasty is not always healthy.
d) The fashion for healthy food is growing all the time.
e) There are a lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining
f) People follow a calorie – controlled diet.
g) Excessive dieting is dangerous.
h) The way to stay healthy is physical activity.
i) It is necessary to take care of health.
j) Regularity promotes health.
People nowadays are more
health-conscious than they used to be. They understand that good health is
To be healthy we should avoid
different bad habits that can affect our health. In my opinion, smoking and
drinking too much alcohol are the worst ones. It's common knowledge that
smoking and drinking can shorten our lives dramatically. Smoking, for
example, causes a number of heart and lung diseases such as pneumonia, cough
and cancer. Besides, it makes your teeth yellow and skin unhealthy.
Fortunately, in recent years smoking has received a lot of bad publicity,
and fewer people smoke nowadays. Some companies don't employ people who are
smokers. Smoking has been banned in most public places because everyone
agrees it does harm to our health. As for me, I don't smoke, because I don't
want to have unhealthy skin and teeth.
Smoking and drinking are joined
by less dangerous habits such as skipping meals, eating unhealthy food or
even overeating. Of course, they are not quite as deadly as smoking or
drinking alcohol, but they affect our health.
If we eat too much, we'll
become obese, and obesity leads to serious diseases. A lot of people like
drinking Coca-Cola and coffee and enjoy pizzas and hamburgers. But what is
tasty is not always healthy. Fast food makes you fat, that is why the
Americans are the fattest people in the world.
In recent years eating habits
have undergone a change. People are encouraged to eat less fat and more
fibre. Fat is believed to be one of the major causes of obesity and heart
disease. High fibre foods and low fat foods can now be found in all shops
and supermarkets. Salads, beans, and fruit have taken the place of steak and
ice-cream. The fashion for healthy food is growing all the time.
Many people feel they are too
fat, even if their doctors disagree. And a lot of people try to improve
their fitness. There are lot of ways to lose weight and avoid gaining it.
Perhaps, the most popular of them is following a diet. If you want to lose
weight, you should cut out snacks and desserts and cut down on fat. People
have also become more aware of calories, the energy value of food. Some
people count the number of calories they eat every day, so that they can try
take in fewer calories and lose weight. This is called a calorie-controlled
diet. Manufacturers are increasingly producing special foods with fewer
calories for slimmers.
But excessive dieting may be
dangerous, too. Some people refuse to eat meat as they consider it harmful.
They say a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of cancer and vegetarians live
longer that others. I can't agree with them because meat is an excellent
source of good nutrition. In my opinion, it's wrong to put down a food
simply because excessive amounts can cause health problems. Consumed in
moderate amounts, meat is perfectly good for our health.
To my mind, the only way to
stay healthy and to keep fit is going in for sports. Among the benefits of
regular exercise are a healthier heart, stronger bones, quicker reaction
times and less susceptibility to various illnesses. Besides, you can eat and
drink as you want because you are burning it all off.
To be healthy, it is also very
important to spend a lot of time in the open air. It is useful to go for a
walk before going to bed or to air the room.
I think it is very important to
be fit and healthy, and it is necessary to take care of your health. Being
fat, in fact, can cause real problems. It is harder for fat people to get a
good job, or even to make friends. If you want to do well, you must be thin.
That's why I go in for sports on a regular basis. I have been doing aerobics
for three years and I feel great. I am not enthusiastic about strict
dieting, but I try to eat only low-fat food, fruit and vegetables, which are
rich in vitamins.
Personally I believe that
regularity in life promotes our health. Sleeping eight or nine hours,
getting up early, regular meals, a healthy diet and going in for sports is
really a way to live.
2). You know much about bad and good health habits and the
way to be healthy. What would you advise your friends and relatives to be
IV. Заключительная часть:
2. Анализ работы учащихся и подведение итогов.
3. Домашнее задание:
группе продвинутых учащихся написать сочинение с планом «My
группе менее сильных учащихся написать статью в газету о здоровом образе жизни.
1.УМК «English-9» Кузовлёв В. П. Издательство
2. Устные темы, диалоги и упражнения по английскому языку к учебнику Кузовлёва
В. П.и др. «English-9» Е. Ю. Смирнова; А. В. Смирнов.
Издательство «Экзамен», Москва 2004.
3. Дополнительные упражнения по английскому языку Ю. А. Боярской к учебнику В.
П. Кузовлёва и др. «English-9». Издательство
4. Дидактические карточки-задания по английскому языку Г. С. Макаровой к
учебнику В. П. Кузовлёва и др. Издательство «Экзамен», 2003.
5. Дидактические материалы Английский язык. Развитие навыков повседневной и
академической письменной речи О. Ю. Болтневой. Издательство «Дрофа», 2004.