Урок в 7 предпрофильном классе
HEALTHY LIVING STYLE
Дрофа Вера Владимировна, учитель английского языка
высшей квалификационной категории
МОУ СОШ №5 г. Муравленко
Цель урока: Применение изученной лексики по темам: «Еда», «Здоровье», « Спорт» в новой учебной ситуации.
Задачи: 1. Введение конструкции “is considered to be”?, повторение степеней сравнения прилагательных.
2. Формирование речевой и компенсаторной компетенций.
3. Воспитание стремления к здоровому образу жизни.
Оборудование: магнитофон, видеопроектор.
Наглядность: иллюстрации, изображающие различные виды спорта и продукты питания.
I. The beginning of the lesson.
Teacher: Today we are going to discuss the most important problem of our life - our health. Why is this problem the most important nowadays? What’s your opinion?
- There are a lot of different diseases;
- Unfortunately, about 80% of pupils living school have health problems.
II. Choosing of the motto.
People of different nations have proverbs about health which underline the importance of health. Let’s remember some of them:
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
Teacher: What proverb can we choose as a motto of our lesson?
Учащиеся выбирают девиз урока.
Teacher: Our health depends on different things. What are they?
I. Speech drills.
1. Bad habits.
- They are: our habits, the food we eat, physical activity.
Teacher :Let’s begin with our habits. First name bad habits.
- eating lots of sweets
- eating between meals
- skipping breakfast
- taking drugs
- physical inactivity
- sleeping too much or too little
Teacher: How do bad habits influence our health?
Pupils: - they could lead to diseases
- lead to obesity
- such habits as taking drugs, drinking alcohol or smoking are really deadly and could be cause of death
- eating between meals, snaking, skipping breakfast, sleeping too little or too much are indicative of chaotic lifestyle
2. Good habits.
Teacher: On the contrary good habits promote our health. What are they?
Pupils: Eating healthy food, regular meals, sleeping 7-8 hours, doing morning exercising, playing sport.
Teacher: So, to stay healthy for a long time we should have good habits and to avoid bad ones.
Do you have any bad habits? Do you try to give them up? What good habits do you have?
Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы учителя.
3. Eating habits.
Teacher: Now let’s discuss another thing which influences our fit – the food we eat. “We are what we eat” the proverb says. Pupils, what food do you prefer to eat?
Учащиеся отвечают на вопросы.
Teacher: Pupils, are you sure that food you usually eat is good for your health? Listen to Dr. Amy Murphy’s lecture about healthy eating and answer what food is good for our health.
1. Учащиеся читают и переводят незнакомые слова, которые встречаются в тексте. Слова выписаны на доску.
Учащиеся слушают текст первый раз. Затем они получают текст лекции с пропущенными словами, которые они вписывают во время второго прослушивания.(Пропущенные слова даны курсивом). Проверка понимания – учащиеся зачитывают вставленные слова.
Текст для аудирования:
In order to stay healthy it is important to have a balanced diet – in other words, food that contains something from each of the three main groups of food. These groups are protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
You find protein in lots of food, for example meat, fish, nuts, cheese and milk. It helps your body to grow and to be healthy and it gives you energy. Fat gives you energy but don’t eat a lot – it’s bad for you. There are a lot of fatty foods that come from animals, for example milk, cheese, butter and meat.
Carbohydrates give you more than 70% of your energy. Bread, pasta, cereals, fruits, and vegetables such as potatoes and cabbage all contain lots of carbohydrates.
Fruits, vegetables, beans and nuts, brown bread all have fibre. It doesn’t give you energy but it fills your stomach when you are hungry.
There are many different vitamins and minerals. They help our body be healthy. You can get all your vitamins and minerals from fresh fruit and vegetables.
2. Используя текст, учащиеся заполняют таблицу:
Работа в группах: учащиеся группами выводят правила здорового питания.
V. Group working.
Teacher: working in groups make “Eating rules”
For example: eat regular
don’t skip breakfast
don’t eat between meals
eat whole meal bread instead of white
eat high fibre food
eat low fat food
eat more fruit and vegetables and less sweet
VI. Physical activity.
Teacher: Now let’s discuss our physical activity. What does it mean?
- doing morning exercises
- playing sport
- spending a lot of time in the open air.
Do you do morning exercises? Do you go in for sport?
There are different kinds of sport, name them.
Pupils: boxing, tennis, running, potholing, mountaineering, windsurfing, parachuting, trampolining, figure skating, skiing, horse riding and so on.
There are some kinds of sport on the blackboard: jogging, mountaineering, windsurfing, parachuting, trampolining, figure skating, skiing, tennis, horse riding, potholing, running. Characterize them using the construction: “is considered to be” expensive
Example: Windsurfing is considered to be dangerous.
Teacher: Sport may be competitive and uncompetitive, dangerous, tiring, exiting and very expensive. People choose one or another sport according to their preferences and tastes. It also depends on how much money they have. Compare different kinds of sport in order to choose the most suitable for yourself. Make up a dialogue.
Учащиеся составляют диалоги, сравнивая различные виды спорта в соответствии со своими вкусами и пристрастиями.
Примерный диалог, который составляют учащиеся:
P1: What’s your favorite sport, Andrew?
P2: Well, I like most sports, but I suppose I like football most of all. Like most people.
P1: Yes, I suppose football most popular sport. Personally, I don’t like football. I don’t enjoy competitive sports. I like cycling and horse riding.
P2: Isn’t horse riding very expensive?
P1: Yes, it’s more expensive than cycling.
P2: I think horse riding is the most expensive sport. What do you think is the most tiring sport?
P1: Well, horse riding is very tiring.
P2: Do you think it’s more tiring than, say, tennis?
P1: Oh, yes, I’m exhausted after I’ve been horse riding. What do you think is the most dangerous sport?
P2: I think hanggliding is very dangerous.
P1: Well, that’s what many people think. But you know, there are more accidents to do with windsurfing than there are with hanggliding.
P2: I didn’t know that. Which is the most difficult sport, in your opinion?
P1: How about climbing? I think climbing is very hard.
P2: Well, I think skiing is more difficult than climbing.
P1: No, I don’t agree. Climbing looks incredibly difficult.
P2: And what do you think is the most exciting sport?
P1: Well, tennis, I think. What about you?
P2: It has to be motor racing. Motor racing is the most exciting sport for me.
Teacher: Now, pupils, you know what to do to keep fit and to be healthy. Tell me , please, what do you do to promote your health.
Развитие навыков монологической речи.
Учащиеся рассказывают, что они делают, чтобы оставаться здоровыми и сильными.
VIII. Итог урока: подведение итогов, домашнее задание: приготовить сообщение на тему:
«Как меняется ваш образ жизни когда вы болеете?»
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