Урок-презентация в 9 предпрофильном классе по теме «Мой родной край».
Дрофа Вера Владимировна, учитель английского языка
высшей квалификационной категории
МОУ СОШ №5 г. Муравленко
Цель урока: научить учащихся самостоятельно планировать свои действия, прогнозируя возможные варианты, реализовывать усвоенные ими средства и способы работы.
- контроль умений высказываться самостоятельно, продуктивно, целостно, логично;
- знакомство с географией, историей, достопримечательностями родного края;
- развитие объема памяти, самостоятельности, креативного мышления;
- воспитание любви к своей малой Родине.
Актуальность определяется содержанием обучения иностранного языка, его региональным компонентом.
Содержательную основу предмета «иностранный язык» составляют страноведческие знания. Знакомство с культурой страны изучаемого языка происходит путем сравнения и постоянной оценки уже имеющихся знаний и понятий с вновь полученными, со знаниями и понятиями о своей стране и о себе самих. Имеет место своеобразный диалог культур. Сравнивая зарубежного сверстника и самих себя, чужую страну со своей, учащиеся выделяют общее и специфичное, что способствует объединению, сближению, развитию понимания и доброго отношения к стране, ее людям, традициям.
Новизна. Представляемый урок не содержит принципиальных педагогических открытий и изобретений. Он являет собой индивидуально осмысленную и практически осуществленную педагогическую технологию личностно-ориентированного обучения- метод проекта.
Урок представляет собой заключительный этап (презентацию) краткосрочного (10часов), информационно-исследовательского монопроекта. Особенностью данного проекта является то, что он готовился во внеучебное время, за исключением самой презентации. Проект соотносится с темой устной речи «Мой родной край». Для организации пректной работы отобран материал, который предполагает решение проблемы, имеет практическую, теоретическую и познавательную значимость. Проблема была определена самими учащимися на первом этапе проекта. Учащимся предстояло ответить на вопросы : 1) может ли Ямал стать территорией международного туризма;
2) что интересного можно предложить посмотреть иностранным туристам.
Рациональность и целесообразность используемых методов.
Метод проектов позволяет создать исследовательскую, творческую атмосферу, когда каждый ученик вовлечен в активный творческий познавательный процесс на основе методики сотрудничества.
Группы формируются с учетом психологической совместимости, при этом в каждой группе есть сильный ученик, средний, слабый. Группа выбирает одно задание, но при выполнении происходит распределение ролей. Каждый ученик получил самостоятельный участок работы в проекте. Таким образом реализуется дифференцированный подход. Овладевая культурой выполнения проектных заданий, школьник приучается творчески мыслить, самостоятельно планировать свои действия, прогнозируя возможные варианты решения стоящих перед ним задач, реализовывать усвоенные им средства и способы работы. Роль учителя- роль консультанта, помошника, наблюдателя, источника информации, координатора. Главная задача учителя – передача способов работы, а не конкретных знаний, т. е. акцент делается не на преподавание, а на учение. Проектная методика наиболее полно реализует личностно-ориентированный подход в обучении, отвечает возрастным интересам учащихся.
Информационная емкость урока. На презентацию проекта требуется два академических часа ввиду большого объема материала.
Использование воспитательного потенциала. Урок предполагает решение ряда воспитательных задач:
-воспитание чувства любви к своей малой Родине;
-воспитание чувства гордости за свой родной край;
-воспитание способности видеть проблемы своего края и желания внести свой вклад в их решение
-воспитание корректного, толерантного отношения друг к другу, работая в группе.
Урок-презентация в 9 предпрофильном классе
“Welcome to Yamal”
Цели и задачи:
1. Учебный аспект-контроль умений высказываться самостоятельно, продуктивно, целостно, логично.
2. Познавательный аспект- знакомство с географией, историей и достопримечательностями родного края.
3. Развивающий аспект-развитие объема памяти, самостоятельности, креативного мышления.
4. Воспитательный аспект-воспитание чувства любви к своей малой Родине.
Наглядность: картины с видами природы, фотографии, работы учащихся.
I Вступительное слово учителя. Введение в проблему.
II Речевая зарядка. Reasons for travelling.
III Основная часть Yamal at a glance.
1.Geography a) geographical position
c) flora and fauna.
2. History and archaeological researches.
3. Native people of Yamal.
4. Cities of Yamal.
IV. Реклама туристических маршрутов.
V. Итог урока. Выводы.
I. Вступительное слово учителя. Введение в проблему.
We live in Yamal. It is a native place for us. Yamal occupies a great territory in the North of Western Siberia. Yamalo-Nenetz Autonomous Area covers the area of 750 000 sq. km, which exceeds 1,5 times the territory of such European state as France. About 50 per cent of the area territory is located beyond the Polar Circle. Yamal is one of the most exotic place in the world and its excellent northern nature, its entrails wealth should attract lots of tourists from all over the world. Unfortunately tourist business is not developed in our region. Yamal is not considered to be a suitable place for travelling. We can’t agree with such opinion. We love our sever land and want everybody could enjoy its beauty. Today we introduce you our region and try to prove that Yamal is worth seeing. It can become an ideal place for travelling.
II. Речевая зарядка.
T. First of all let’s discuss why people travel. What are the reasons for travelling?
P1, P2, P3, … to discover new places;
to study history, geography;
to learn wildlife;
to learn languages;
to have a rest;
to enjoy new interesting areas;
to expand outlook;
to meet new friends.
III. Основная часть.
a) geographical position
T. Well, we can see that there are different reasons for travelling. They depend on people’s interests. Now, let’s look through if travelling to Yamal could satisfy those who interested in geography.
P1. Yamal translated from Nenetz means the Earth’s End and it’s actually the end of the Earth. Yamalo-Nenetz Autonomous Area is located in the very center of Eurasian continent in the North of the West-Siberian plain. It boarders on Komi Republic and Nenetz Autonomous Area, on Taimirsky Dolgano- Nenetz Autonomous Area and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area. It is washed by Kara Sea waters.
There are plains and mountains at the territory of Yamal. The mountains cover a strip along the Polar Urals. The highest are mountains of Kolokolnya- 1305 metres and of Pai-Er- 1500 metres. Peninsular surface is of flat- plane character.
The latitude zones are well presented at this territory. from the north to the south tundra, forest-tundra and taiga zones stretch. About 17 per cent of the territory is located under water. Swamps, rivers and lakes cover its territory. More than 300 thousand lakes are located in that area. The majority of them are of glacial origin. The lakes are not large and deep. The largest of them are Neito, Pykuto, Yarato, Varcheto, Yambuto, Chaselskoye, Devil lakes. The number of rivers is about 48 thousand. The biggest of them is Ob. The Ob River together with its inlets in the area territoty is over 1,5 thousand kilometers long. It is one of the biggest river in the world. The rivers Shuchya, Sob, Longot-Ugan, Pur are big and navigatable too. Together with its inlets their length is over 2000 kilometres long. All minor rivers, with the exception of tundra zone rivers at the Gydan and Yamal Peninsulas, belong to the basins of the rivers Ob, Pur, Taz and Nadym.
T. The climate is far from mild. It’s extremely sever. The weather is changeable like nowhere in the world. Tanya tells about it.
P2. The area climate is determined by its location at the Eurasian continent, by its long distance from Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, by the warm Gulf Stream and by the closeness of the Arctic Ocean. The territory climate conditions are defined by irregular forthcoming of solar radiation, atmosphere circulation, closeness of the cold sea during a year. At the same time significant influence is produced by the continent. Due to it the climate is essentially sever. It is characterized by sever long winters with long lasting snow period, by short transitional seasons- spring and autumn light frosts. Over certain years in the northern parts of the area there is no period without frost.
Winter lasts for 7,5-8 months. It is very severe with strong winds and snowstorms. The weather is characterized by abrupt changes of atmosphere changes pressure, witch in its turn lead to great weather changing with sharp temperature oscillation.
The average monthly temperature doesn’t increase higher than -20 degrees C and absolute minimum falls dawn to -54-56 degrees C. Strong frosts are often changed by short time thaw, which is usually associated with coming southern cyclones and followed by strong winds, snowfalls and snowstorms. Icy-crust and drizzle are recorded over winter period. Quite often icy-crust becomes dangerous.
In spring the weather is sunny, but instable. The precipitation amount increases. Summer begins at the end of the first- the beginning of the second dozen June days. It is very short and cold due to Arctic Ocean closeness. The average temperature of July makes 6-8 degrees C. in the northern part of tundra and a little bit higher in August (6-10 degrees C) . In the central part of the continent, the temperature increases, summer becomes longer and may reach 30-35 degrees C. Autumn comes early-at the end of August-beginning of September. At the beginning of October snow covers the earth and the winter season begins.
c) Flora and fauna
T. Now, what about wildlife of our region? What interesting species live here?
P3. Yamalo-Nenetz Area is subdivided into 3 zones: the zone of tundra, forest zone and taiga. Northern forest zones are widely known but the zone of tundra is much less known. Mostly recognized is tundra devision into three subzones: Bushes or southern, typical, or moss-lichenery and arctic zones, further to the north Arctic “deserts.” All those three subzones are in the territory of the area.
In the south there are widely spread bushes: dwarf birch trees, shrub, alder spreaded willows.
In tundra we may find several types of willows. Wild rosemary is also widely presented. It is evergreen plant and makes great thickets. Berries grow in abundance: cloudberry, red whortleberry, great bilberry, bilberry speedwell or veronica. One can find even knyazhenica, the tastiest berry of the north.
At dry places different kinds of grass grow. One can find such rare plants as valerian, rose radiola and some types of ferns in the Polar Urals Mountains.
In typical tundra the main plant is moss, which makes peculiar tundra cover. A great number of the invertebrates live in. Among them are worms, ticks, spider, different insects and their lavra.
At last we have kingdom of arctic tundra. There are almost no bush plants there. It’s possible to find some types of saxifrages, pink and cruciferous plants there. In the south of the Polar Urals one can find the polar poppies.
In the Kara Sea one can find three types of seals: ringed seal, bearded seal, Greenland seal. Giant walruses come out to the beaches of the northern area seacoast. Greenland whales move along seacoast, their weight is up to 100 tons. In summer runs of northern dolphins-white whales that live in the Kara Sea come to Ob, Taz, Guydan Inlets chasing the fish.
The area reservoir world is very rich. in the river basins the most numerous in the world runs of sig species fish live, making about 70 per cent of Russian fish stock of this species. White salmon, sturgeon, starlet, taymen, flounder, navaga and many others inhabit these waters.. The so called “black fish”, burbot, pike, ide and others live in these water reservoirs. Many of these species are food fish and some of them are recorded in Russian and regional Red Books.
Peculiar is feathered world of bird-ducks, owls, sea-gulls, geese, swans and others. Some permanently live in the north, some come there for summer. There are nests of the white-tailed eagle. Only several dozen of them are survived in the world. In total birds “population” in summer counts over 70 types of birds, local and birds of passage.
In the zones of taiga and tundra such animals as grey and white bear, polar wolf, wolverine fox, yare, ermine, squirrel, white fox, elk, wild northern dear, sable. and others live.
In the area there are all together over 40 types of mammoths and fish, about 250 representatives of ornifauna, over 100species of insects and the invertebrates.
The plant world includes taiga systems, where cedars dominate, and Arctic tundra, where lichens and mosses dominate.
2. History and archeological researches.
T. Yamal has a long history. It seems to me that people who study history and want to do discoveries should come to Yamal. Olga tells us about history.
P4. Yamal has never been uninhabited and deserted wild area. History of its land dating back since ancient times is comprehensive. Once upon the time tropical forests covered that land and waters of then warm northern sea washed its shores. Herds of mammoths were wandering Yamal areas in the time of Egyptian pyramids builders. They were followed by man-the developer of northern civilizations at the outset of ages. Before and after Christ military and trade roads crossed Yamal’s lands, villages were built.
But the climate changed and tribes inhabited Yamal were disappearing in the mist of time. Omnipotent time erased a lot of traces of ancient civilization of the Obsky North. Travelers, geographers and archeologists found and studied those traces in Yamal tundra, restoring life little by little.
That life left its traces in northern snows and tundra’s mosses. Reindeer-breeders of second millennium AD were leading a nomad’s life there for ages. Warriors’ and merchants’ voices were heard together with voices of a reindeer harness driver and fisherman of Yamal rivers banks.
History of archeology in the lower Ob area counts about 70 years. Over that period a number of ancient man’s settlements were found. One of them is the ancient monument in Obdorsk Hill of modern Salekhard. Earlier there was Ostyak prince headquarters, later a Russian fortress, and then a church. Another settlement was found on the bank of the Shaitanka river close to the mouth of the Polui river. On that place items of material culture, probably of bronze epoch were found.
In 1932 near Obdorsk an ancient settlement was occasionally found with interesting items of material culture. It became known as Ust-Polui and aquired world fame. In the area of Salekhard, at foothills of the Polar Urals not far from Laborovaya trade station, objects of quartzite, jasper and decorative compositions of ceramics and other things were found.
The investigations proved that ancient settlements of a man existed at Yamal 7-8,5 thousand years BC. This monument is known as Korchagui. It is located to the north of Salekhard. The monument Pyamali-Yakha is located on the lake Pyakuto, not far from the source of the Pur river. In 1968-1970 the full investigation of the ancient settlements-a legendary city of Mangazeya was made. It became known as Northern Troy. The excavations show that Tazovsky Sea settlement appeared before the time when Ermak teams came to Siberia. Mangazeya history is closely associated with the history of Russian state development of the northern sea route. Mangazeya sea routes connected European north and Western Siberia in the 16th century. In Mangazeya there were all attributed of that time: the Kremlin, Merchant center, churches and trade part of the city. At different time the city population counted up to two thousand people.
Time passed. The Communist Party intends to give equal public rights to all the peoples of former Russian Empire. This policy concerns also scanty peoples of the Far North, Siberia and Far East of the USSR, who had no state system of their own before. The Government of the USSR adopted the resolution to organize national unifications in the areas, which were inhabited by minor nationalities of the Soviet Union North. They were created in order to overcome social, economical, political and cultural backwardness of the native aboriginal population. According to that decision on December, 10. 1930 Yamal (Nenetz) national area was organized. A village of Obdorsk became an administrative center. In 1933 the village was renamed Salekhard with the status of a town of workers. In 1938 the town of workers was transformed into a town of Salekhard. In the middle of the twentieth century oil and gas were found on the territory of Yamal. Modern industries emerged in the area. Towns of concrete and steel were set up at huge tundra’s plain, covered with rivers and lakes, where tepees of the nomads had been previously located. New voices and new songs are heard now in the towns located at the “Land’s End”.
In 1971 Yamal - Nenetz Area was awarded with the order of Labour Red Banneer for its successes in culture and economy. In 1972 the region was awarded with the order of Peoples’ Friendship. In 1977 the state legal status of the area was changed. It became an autonomous formation. In 1992 Yamalo- Nenetz Autonomous Area became a subject of Russian Federation with corresponding attributes of state symbolism.
3. Native people of Yamal.
T: Peoples of different nations live on the territory of Yamal. They came here to extract gas and oil. They are really brave and strong. Lots of them are famous all over the region and the country. But, from my point of view, it is much more interesting for travelers to meet aborigines of Yamal and to learn their life style. Alex tells about native people.
P5. The Yamal-Nenetz Autonomous Area is a native land of the indigenous ethnic groups-the Nenetz, Khantys and Selkups. The number of native population is over thirty-three thousand, including more than twenty four thousand Nenetz, more than eight thousand Khantys, more than fifteen thousand Selkups, and about two hundred Mansis. Almost fourteen thousand Yamal aborigenes are still nomads, like their forefathers centuries ago.
For centuries, the mainstay of the traditional Nenetz economy has been large-herd reindeer farming which still exist. Reindeer live off pasture all year long. In winter they eat reindeer moss; in summer- green grass and skrub sprouts. In nomadic households, reindeer do not receive any extra nourishment. For large reindeer herds seasonal travel is essential. Around March, nomadic communities and their herds take off and go north, sometimes all the way to sea, to give reindeer a relief from blood-sucking insects. In August, they start moving back south towards the edge of the taiga where the trees offer protection from icy winter winds and the snow is mellower so it is easier for the reindeers to extract food from under it. Altogether, a seasonal nomadic trip lasts between 2 and 3 months.
The main tool of reindeer farmer has always been “tynzyan”- a reindeer lasso made of thin slices of leather woven together.
The reindeer gives people everything they need to survive: meat, pelts for clothing, sinews for threads, bones and antlers for decoration, tools and units. Fresh reindeer blood prevented scurvy- a steady threat in the Arctic region.
Being busy hunting and fishing, a small percentage of the population is not involved in nomadic travel.
Hunting and fishing are another traditional occupation of the native people. Most hunters combined hunting with reindeer farming. The primary objects of hunting in Yamal are polar fox, squirrel, ermine and wolverine in the woods. Shooling duck and goose in the spring time has always been important for aborigines. Another traditional occupation is picking up berries- cloud berry, blueberry, cranberry as well as wild chives, duck and goose eggs. Mushrooms are considered “deer food”. People also collect aromatic herbs for their tea, due to a lack of vitamins.
The principal means of transport was reindeer sledge. Reindeer drivers used khorei to drive their harnesses. The dog sled had also been used in tundra. In summer they also traveled by boat. Nowadays native people use modern means of transport- snowmobile.
Traditional aborigines clothing is ideally suits to tundra environments. Women still wear button-down fur coats. Men’s garments include the malitsa, fur stockings and high shoes. Malitsa is a seamless hooded garment made from reindeer skin with its fur facing inside. Malits has mittens attacked to it. During period of particularly sever freezing temperatures people wear a “sovic” on top of their malitsa. Aborigines’ clothes is beautifully decorated.
4. Towns of Yamal.
P6.: Northern towns differ greatly from tens of other provincial towns of Russia. They have unusual sights and are surrounded by exotic landscapes. Everything here is simple and quiet. There are eight of them: Noviy Urengoy, Nadim, Noyabrsk, Muravlenko, Gubkinski, Tarko- Sale, Labitnangy. The northern towns are rather young and small. The largest of them is Noviy Urengoy with the population of about 89,9 thousand people. It is gas center of our region.
Nadim is the other oil and gas center. It was built in the 60ies. Now its population is about 46 thousand people. Noyabrsk is the third largest oil and gas center of the Far North. Muravlenko is one of the youngest towns of our region. All northern towns are rather beautiful and have a specific modern design. There are a lot of buildings made of concrete and steel. They have sport and cultural complexes, museums, swimming-pools and things like that.
Salekhard is an administrative center of the Yamal-Nenetz Area. It is the only city in Russia across the Polar Circle and lies on the bank of the Ob River. Salekhard has a long, rich history. In 1995 Salekhard celebrated its 400th anniversary . The population of the town is more than 35 thousand people. Across the Ob River the other northern town Labitnangy is situated. There is a large railway station and a river port. Together with Salekhard it forms a great economical and industrial center of the Far North.
T: Now, pupils, let’s look through the reasons for travelling again and answer:
- Is Yamal an exotic and interesting place to discover?
- Is Yamal region interesting from historical point of view?
- Is geography of our area unusual?
- Is it possible to study wild life on the territory of Yamal?
- Can people extend their outlook?
Well, you can see that Yamal is a good place for tourists. They can realize here all their interests and wishes. That’s why we can add to our scheme “Reasons for travelling” the words: “to Yamal”. Now we have “Reasons for travelling to Yamal”.
IV. Реклама туристических маршрутов. Учащиеся представляют разработанные ими туристические маршруты, оформленные в виде рекламных проспектов и путеводителей.
P1. Would you like to spend your money more carefully this year and to get the most out of your holidays? Then –welcome to Yamal! You’ll get the best of your holidays if you visit Yamal area.
You may travel the world over, but you will find nothing more beautiful than the Polar Ural. It stretches from Konstantinov Stone in the north up to the upper part of the Hulga River in the South. Mountains are about 1000-1300 meters high. The highest mountains are Kolokolnya – 1305 meters and Pai-Er-1500 meters. You will be overwhelmed by the beauty of wild northern nature. Activities include: rock climbing, hiking, fishing, and skiing. The starting point of this route is Salekhard – the capital of Yamal-Nenetz Autonomous Area. During two-hour tour you will get general impression of the oldest northern city. You’ll have a chance to see the most interesting sights such as Mangazey monument, which is 400 years old, Nikolskaya Tower of the Obdork Fortress of the XVII century, green Steep Bank mummy and others. You’ll spend 2 days in Salekhard and then crossing the Ob you’ll stay in Labitnangy, from there you’ll hike to the Polar Urals Mountains.
Holiday courses for different ages. Good prices no extra charges. To get additional information, phone to our travel agency “Severyanka” in Salekhard.
P2. Do you like visiting exotic places? Then come to Muravlenko, one of the youngest towns of Western Siberia. Northern towns differ greatly from other provincial towns of Russia. They can boast unusual sights and exotic landscapes. Everything here is simple and quite. During your visit to Muravlenko you enjoy walking to taiga. There are a lot of mushrooms and berries. We can also offer you hunting and fishing. Muravlenko is surrounded by a great number of lakes, small rivers and swamps. Forests are full of animals. The midnight sun and a lot of wild flowers show you the gentler side of the Far North. In winter you can see the Polar night and Northern light in the sky. Severe northern conditions, the strongest frost will train your character and will.
In March, when the sun reappears over the horizon, you can participate in the aborigines’ holiday “The day of a Reindeer Breeder”. You will learn how native people live and work. You will taste their food. You can also see how oil is extracted.
Another activity, we offer you, is excursion to Noyabrsk - one of the largest city of the Extreme North.
Hotel in Muravlenko you stay is absolutely great and the food is very good. Every day our friendly staff organizes activities so that you can try everything according to the different seasons. Don’t just sit there – come here!
P3. Our agency “Northern Lights” offers you a wide choice of holidays. Discover Yamal’s nicest places with us!
Activities: hunting, fishing, boating, skiing, skating, helicopter flying.
Excursions: 1. Bolshoye Shuchue Lake
2. Mountains of the Polar Ural
3. Ob Inlet
4. Town of Yamal: Salekhard, Nojabrsk, Labitnangy, Gubkinsky,
5. Nomads’ camp
6. State nature reservations –“Gydansky”, Nizhneobsky”, “Polarno-Uralsky”
Hotel “Northern Lights” is located in Salekhard. It is a 5 – floor modern building with interiors of *** standard. There are 50 apartments in the hotel.
Hotel “Northern Lights” bargain – price accommodation in two-and three-bed apartments with their own bathrooms. They are equipped with a TV with satellite reception, telephone, and refrigerator.
Accommodation price covers a cafeteria breakfast served in the hotel’s restaurant and also other food services are provided upon guest’s request.
We are ready to provide our services to you and we are looking forward to your visit.
P4. Travel agency “White Nights” offers you a truly unique voyage- travelling by ship along northern coast of Yamal. You’ll visit the territories located beyond the Polar Circle: Gydansky, Tazovsky, Oleny, Mamonta, Yavay and Yamal peninsulas. You will also visit a group of islands of the Kara Sea. You will have a chance to watch giant walruses, greenland seals, greenland whales moving along the seacoast, their weight is up to 100 tons, and the northern dolphins – white whales.
You will enjoy a severe beauty of the Extreme North and feel proximity to a wild northern nature. You’ll never forget this travelling. Price is rather high.
Additional information you can get in our travel agency “White Nights” in Salekhard.
V. Итоги урока. Выводы.
1. T: Well, you see Yamal has a lot of interesting and really exotic places which are worth seeing. But how can we attract visitors to Yamal? What should we do to develop tourist business in our region? What’s your opinion?
- new modern hotels should be built;
- tourist routes should be worked out;
- advertisement should be shown on TV;
- people, who are interested in this business should be found.
T: You are right, students. It seems to me, the most important thing is to find people who could do such business. Soon you’ll leave your school and choose profession. Keep in mind, Yamal is waiting for you. There is a lot of work to do. Get the education and come back to your native land. Welcome to Yamal.
2. Выставление оценок.
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