Unit 3. Entertaining Guide.
1. Do you
know the meanings of these words?
sketch, painting, icon, poster, picture, reproduction, illustration,
masterpiece, collection, exhibition.
Explain the difference between the following pairs of words:
Discuss these points:
important is colour to you in place you work or your home?
you feel about the colour scheme in your classroom?
you consider to be the best colours for a school?
colour affect how people feel or do their work?
subtle brilliant muted vivid deep soft faint bright
bold intense vibrant
good are you at painting?
these extracts and match one to the painting.
important period in Russian painting is the second half of the 19th century,
when a broad popular upsurge against serfdom gave rise to the democratic trend
of the peredvizhniks. "Dispossessed in a Fire" (1871) by Pryanishnikov is
typical of this trend, which was concerned with the destiny of the Russian
peasantry, of the Russian people as a whole.
flowering of Russian art in the first thirty years of the 19th century is
linked with the spiritual revival of Russian society after the victorious war
against Napoleon. Indicative in this respect are portraits by Tropinin, an
artist who came from a family of serfs. His portraits reflected Moscow's free
and easy life style in Pushkin's day.
the best works of the Soviet section is "Still Life" (1922) by Mashkov, a
prominent founder of the "Jack of Diamonds" group. A distinctive feature of
this painter is his brilliant pictorial temperament and lively colouring. The
idea of Life's triumph, fundamental to his art, is expressed in the
Novosibirsk still life through its monumental composition large-scale objects
and rich intensity of colour.
landscape "Dniepropetrovsk. The Coke Mill" (1930) evokes an image of the
industrial transformation of the young Soviet state through dynamic rhythms
and complexity of colour.
portrait of the actress Stepanova (1933), a representative of the new Soviet
intelligentsia, by Konchalovsky, emphasizes independence, self-confidence,
energy, spiritual and physical emancipation.
the text and put questions to it.
Novosibirsk Picture Gallery
the Novosibirsk Picture Gallery is one of Siberia's most conspicuous
collections and numbers about six thousand works of art. Exhibited here are
over 5 hundred works of painting, sculpture, graphic and applied arts. The
leading place belongs to the sections of Russian and Soviet art. Old Russian
art was more democratic than Byzantine art although it was undoubtedly
influenced by the latter, hence its more lyrical and lucid character. Old
Russian painting is represented by several works of the art school of the 16th
and 17th centuries. During that period Russian painting, preserving its
classical feature, had become more narrative and miniature. Among the most
valuable icons in the collection are "Dimitri Solunsky" and "The Virgin
Enthroned", which show a deep feeling for line and colour. Siberian icons make
up quite a special group in the collection. Painted by folk artists, these
icons are distinguished by simplified iconographic techniques, decorativeness
and bright colours.
peredvizhniks' realistic landscapes, the works of Shishkin ("The Pine Wood",
1888; "Lush Grass"), and Kuindzhi are particularly well-known. The latter was
notably preoccupied with light effects. His "Moon Night" belongs to the cycle
of canvases relating to the famous picture "Moon Night on the Dnieper" (1881).
by the great painter Surikov, a native of Siberia, convey the ethnic features
of local residents ("A Minusinsk Tartar", 1909; "A Cossack Girl", 1913). Art
at the turn of the 20th century, complex, contradictory, and abounding in
trends as it was, is represented fairly well in the collection. One of the
major works of that period is "The Gipsy" by Golovin, a designer of stage sets
who was involved in the famous Russian ballet seasons in Paris.
artistic trend called the "Union of Russian Artists" is represented by
Zhukovsky's "Interior" (1918) which deals with Chekhov's theme of declining
pride of the gallery are the works by Nikolai Roerich, an enlightener,
scientist and traveller. The sixty paintings, a gift from the artist's son,
were created in the last decade of his life. They reflect two major subjects
of the painter's art -Russia ("Pskov", 1935-1936; "Idols", 1943, "Nastasya
Mikulichna", 1943) and the East ("Santana", sketches of the Himalayas). Among
them "Nastasya Mikulichna" and "Santana" evoke special interest. The former
contains the image - symbol that expressed Roerich's views on the historical
ways of Russia. The latter testifies to Roerich's interest in eastern
Gritsyuk, a Novosibirsk painter, represent the art of the last decade. His
still lives and industrial landscapes are expressive and decorative.
significant place in the collection belongs to the works of Novosibirsk
painters, graphic artists and sculptors (V.Semenova, G.Kurochkina-Domashenko,
N.Domashenko, Ya.Yakovlev and many others). They constantly participate both
in local, republican and all-Union exhibitions. Their art is marked by high
humanism with all the diversity of genres and subjects, as well as by a quest
Answer the following questions:
How many works of art are there in the
Novosibirsk picture gallery?
What sections does the leading place
What is Old Russian art represented by?
What genres do the works of Shishkin and
Kuindzhi belong to?
What do Surikov's sketches convey?
What artistic trend is represented by the
canvas "Interior", 1918?
Why do many painters depict people of
What is the gallery proud of?
Do many Novosibirsk painters exhibit their
canvas in the picture gallery? What are their works?
Complete the following sentences using the words from the box, according to
Exhibited here are over 5 hundred works
These valuable icons show...
These icons are distinguished by...
One of the major works of that period is…
The sixty paintings, a gift from the
artist's son, were created...
The former contains the image-symbol
Their art is marked by...
sculpture, graphic and applied arts;
humanism with all the diversity of genres and subjects;
simplified iconographic techniques, decorativeness and bright colours;
Roerich's views on the historical ways of Russia;
feeling for line and colours;
last decade of his life;
Gipsy" by Golovin, a designer of stage sets who was involved in the famous
Russian ballet seasons in Paris.
Find in the text
synonyms to: artist, canvas, present,
antonyms to: to be involved in, to
contain, bright colours, to participate.
Which is the odd word out?
a drawing, a sketch, an icon, a picture, a
canvas, a declaration.
Still life, portrait, landscape, genre,
Translate the following groups of words into Russian:
Find words in the text to match these definitions:
a group of objects that have been
a person who lives in a place;
a collection of things shown publicly;
a person who designs something;
a type or category of an artistic work,
Answer the questions:
What is one of Siberia's most conspicuous
How many paintings are there in the
Novosibirsk picture gallery?
What art school is Old Russian painting
Do Siberian icons make up quite a special
group in the collection?
What canvases by famous artists of the XIX
century can you find in this picture gallery?
What is the gem of Novosibirsk picture
Whose brush creates the expressive and
decorative industrial landscapes of the last decade?
Imagine the conversation between the man and the woman, either just before or
just after visiting of the Novosibirsk picture gallery.
Comment on the following quotations:
Art ... is a veil rather than a mirror (O.
Only skilled artists should draw from live
Art has an educative mission.
Look at the picture and describe it.
Learn the following dialogue.
look, what a wonderful landscape!
wonder. It attracted your attention. It's Shishkin's "The Pine-Wood". It is
the real masterpiece.
Shishkin was fond of Russian nature, wasn't he?
he was. He loved the tranquillity of Russian woods and the vast expanses of
A: At all
times artists often turned to nature for inspiration.
Shishkin did, of course. And I should say, he bad an instinctive feeling for
painting looks very realistic. You get an impression that you are in this wood
yourself, don't you?
you are right. I quite agree with you. Shishkin is famous for his simplicity
and charity of his artistic language.
Points to ponder:
Art belongs to people.
Art is truthful only when it serves life.
There are two kinds of art and a pretence
Any artistic development has a define
social background, and abstractionism is no exception.
A great architect must be a great
sculptor or painter.
We know individuality to be an
indispensable quality of any genuine work of art.
It is said that the role of the artist in
society has always been and always will be to express the life of his day.
GRITSYUK, AN ARTIST. 1966.
Make a survey, giving a portrait of any Siberian artist.
Quiz. Are you a good expert of painting?
Tate Gallery is placed in …
London b) New York c) Novosibirsk d) Moscow
pride of the Novosibirsk picture gallery is …
the collection of Levitan
the collection of Shishkin
the collection of N.Roerich
the collection of Icons
V.Tretyakov is the founder of the picture gallery in …
Novosibirsk b) Moscow c) St. Petersburg d) Pskov
Rublyov is famous for his painting…
"The Pine Wood"
"The last day of Pompeii"
canvas "The Volga Boatmen" was painted by the great Russian painter …
B.Perov b) I.Repin c) N.Ge d) B.Surikov
Give a brief talk about an outstanding landscape painter. Choose one you
really have you liking for.
Give an account of your own visit to a picture gallery.
Select a reproduction of any historic genre painting and discuss it according
to the following outline:
title and name of the artist. The period or trend represented. Where it is
contents of the picture
Place, Time and setting, dress, environment, etc.)
composition and colouring
Interpretation and evaluation
skill, feelings, moods, ideas it evokes in the viewer)
A great painting enriches our life, just as a great poem does or a great
The masterpieces of painting are an inexhaustible source of beauty.
Project: “How similar and different are Novosibirsk and London and their
picture galleries” (The Tale Gallery and the Novosibirsk picture Gallery)
Compare the painting in Great Britain and in Siberia
Proud of the
activities to honour great painters
about the artists
How would you rank these kinds of entertaining in order of importance?
gardening, photography, theatre, music, cinema, TV, disco, reading, swimming,
What do you take into account when you organize leisure time in such a way?
What are people's reasons for collecting reproductions of loving pictures?
What other museums and art galleries would you like to visit? Why?
Sum up in what way you understand these:
1. "A picture is a poem without words"
2. "All art is but imitation of nature"
Respond to the following statement using the essential vocabulary:
copier of nature can never produce anything great"
Write a composition: Why I like painting?