Unit 7. Economy of the Novosibirsk Region
Read the word combinations given below. Do you know what they mean?
building, light engineering, heavy engineering, metal-working plant, research
establishment, iron casting, the purest tin, chemical concentrated products,
joint-stock company, asbestine cement works, ferro-concentrate structures
plant, thermoelectric power station, food-processing factory, fodder crops,
Economy of the Novosibirsk Region
is the largest industrial center in the Asian part of Russia. Nearly all
industrial enterprises of the region are situated in this city. Industrial
Novosibirsk has a wide variety of industry manufacturing different products.
They are often unique and a very high quality Novosibirsk industry doesn't
only satisfy some needs of Russian economy, but also exports produce to other
plants of Novosibirsk are the plant agricultural machine building "Sibselmash",
"Sibtekstilmash", "Electrosignal", "Kometa". The most successful of the
regional defence industry is the plant of chemical concentrated products. The
Novosibirsk tin group of enterprises is the most perspective industrial
enterprise. The purest tin in the world is the smelt there.
find the oldest Novosibirsk plant in Bolshevistskaya Street. It's the "Trud"
plant, which was built in 1906. Since its foundation it produced iron casting
and spare part for steam engines and agricultural machines. Later it
specialized in the production of industrial equipment.
joint-stock company "Elsib" is well-known for its turbogenerators. They are
able to function not only under Siberian weather conditions but also in the
has numerous modern industrial enterprises. They are the aircraft association,
the chemical plant "Himplast", the boot and shoe factory "KORS", the furniture
factory; the joint stock company "VINAP" and many others.
see Novosibirsk is important for light engineering, chemicals and consumer
goods, food and drink production. There are also some heavy engineering and
metal working plants.
industrial enterprises can be found in other towns of the Novosibirsk region.
So, Iskitim has asbestine cement works, two ferro-concrete structures plant
and a limestone open-cast mine. In other towns food-processing factories and
timber-processing plants are situated.
Siberia has traditionally been famous for its agricultural products. Siberian
agricultural products has always won high awards and diplomas at international
exhibitions and fairs. Some districts of the region specialize in livestock
farming. Cereals, vegetables and fodder crops are grown in the region.
Unfortunately the speedy growth of Novosibirsk economy stopped during the last
decade. The region entered the period of the economic crisis. But the latest
events in the economy of Russia give us hope, that the years to come will
bring stabilization and wealth to Siberia.
Answer the questions:
Where are the main industrial
enterprises of the region situated?
2. What branches of industry are developed in
3. What is the most successful plant of the
regional defence industry?
4. What enterprise smelts the purest tin in
5. What is the oldest plant in Novosibirsk?
6. What does "Sibselmash" produce?
7. Are there any plants and factories in the
towns of the region?
Complete the sentences using appropriate form of the verbs in brackets:
Novosibirsk __________ a wide variety of
During the years of the Great Patriotic
War 50 enterprises were __________ to Novosibirsk (evacuate).
The Novosibirsk Chkalov plant __________
its history in 1930th (start).
aircraft plant __________ one of the biggest in Russia (be).
__________ various planes from small aircrafts to huge air liners (produce).
the XIX century Siberia __________ famous for its agricultural produce (be).
__________ on the vast fields of our region (grow).
Make up word combinations:
d. in Russia
Complete the chart:
Name of an