Globalization: Uniting People or Destroying the Planet?
Brings Harm and Chaos
at all easy to write about something you've never actually seen or even
imagined. But still, my ideas of globalization are as follows: it's bad
culturally, economically and ecologically.
economical issue is not my favorite subject, but I've heard many times, that
globalization is only good for the so-called developed countries and is likely
to harm the interests of the countries like Russia, which won't be able to
survive in the situation of worldwide competition. The ecological issue is
clear here: the territories that are not to be touched now, because their
inhabitants belong to some small rare ethnic groups, will become part of
international property and therefore probably destroyed. The cultural issue is
of the biggest interest to me and to the rest of the world. Even omitting the
fact that the previously mentioned small ethnic groups will most likely die
out, we cannot overlook the general resistance of the world to being united
perfect example here is that of the English language. The wider it is spread
on the Earth's surface, the more variants it is modified into. So, my idea is
this: if we cannot keep nations that speak one and the same language from
altering that language to the point where there can easily arise a
misunderstanding between an American and a British speaker, how can there be
any hope that a Brazilian and a Dutchman will ever become people of one
nation? My final conclusion is that globalization is impossible so far. With
all the harm and chaos it will bring into the economical, ecological and
cultural spheres of human lives, and with all the resentment it arouses in
people, it will take centuries to unite the world.
Ex. 1 Read and translate the
text using a dictionary if necessary.
Ex. 2 Find in the text the
English equivalents of the following:
причинять вред, глобализация, редкие этнические
группы, собственность, опускать, вымирать, сопротивление, унифицировать,
изменяться, понимание, хаос, сфера, чувство негодования.
Ex. 3 Supply the missing words
choosing in the text above:
Globalization is likely ___________ the
interests of the countries like Russia.
Inhabitants belong to some ___________
will become part of international __________ and probably destroyed.
It brings harm and ___________.
There can easily arise ___________.
And with all the _____________ it arouses
in people, it will take centuries to unite the world.
Ex. 1 Read the text and answer
the following questions:
What are the ideas of the author of this
article of globalization?
What has she heard about globalization for
What does she think about the future of
small ethnic groups?
Can people overlook the general resistance
of the world to being united and unified?
Does she believe that people from
different countries will become one nation?
Does it bring harm and chaos? Why?
Ex. 2 Define the following
terms and memorize their definitions:
issue, rare, property,
resistance, chaos, resentment
Ex. 3 Give your own
understanding of the term “globalization”. Are you for or against it?
Ex. 4 Comment the statement
that globalization will bring harm and chaos.
Disadvantages, But Is a Positive Phenomenon
'globalization', like all newly brought to light things, is very popular
nowadays. But what is it? What is the essence and the constituent parts of
this phenomenon? Is globalization good or bad? I'll try to answer these
questions in my essay. The term 'globalization' comes from the word 'global'
which means 'considering all parts of a problem or a situation together;
affecting or including the whole world' (Longman Dictionary). The term
'globalization' was first coined in the 1980s. Some people think it is a good
thing. Globalization involves rising living standards, as there are plenty of
opportunities to earn money: people can work abroad, get acquainted with
overseas market; there is a growth in international travel; the rise of the
Internet and recent advances in telecommunications, mutual assistance of the
countries and etc. However, there is another opinion. They say that
globalization doesn't concern all countries, but only powerful ones that have
gained their power at the expense of developing countries. But even in the
developed world not everyone has been a winner. The freedoms granted by
globalization are leading to increased insecurity in the workplace. The
coalition of environmentalists is also against globalization, as they think
that corporations ignore the environment in the stampede for mega-profits and
marketplace supremacy. However, it is impossible to answer the question: "Is
globalization a positive or a negative phenomenon?" without analyzing what
spheres of human activity globalization influences. In economics globalization
shows itself in the growth of international trade, business, international
co-operation. But again there are some countries that are dominant players.
Such countries as the United States, Japan, Germany enjoy a strong competitive
advantage in the sphere of economics putting others aside. The appearance of
the common currency (Euro) also promotes the world's globalization as well as
reduces the inconveniences connected with the exchange of money while a man
travels from one country to another. Different political organizations,
members of which are representatives from different countries, are of great
use too. They solve various global problems (for example, disarmament, AIDS,
capital punishment, etc). The global 'monoculture' has a single language, it
is English. English is the language of the lion's share of the world books,
newspapers and magazines, and it is promoted through radio, television, and
films, almost 80% of the content posed on the Internet is in English. Of
course, it is good that people from different countries can understand each
other and communicate using English; but still there is a disadvantage: other
languages are in the background. Speaking about culture, I'd like to say that
it is a well-known fact that the culture of every country is vulnerable to the
'monoculture' spread through the US films, publications and broadcasts. Many
nations with strong cultural traditions (e.g. France, Greece) have to promote
and preserve their own cultural heritage through governmental ministerial
everything up, I'd like to point out that globalization is, without doubt, a
positive phenomenon of modern life. It stimulates the development of
international trade, business, travel, co-operation, communication and
collaboration between nations. Even so globalization as all things has its
disadvantages. They are: insecurity in the workplace, total disregard for
environment; neglect of developing countries. So if people pay attention to
these problems and solve them, globalization will be a completely positive
Ex. 1 Read and translate the
text using a dictionary if necessary.
Ex. 2 Put 10 questions to the
Ex. 3 Find out and read all
the advantages of globalization.
Ex. 4 Comment on the statement
“English is a single language for the global ‘monoculture’.
Ex. 5 Write down an essay
“What does globalization means for Russia”.
Ex. 6 Give the definition of
the following words:
coalition, supremacy, heritage.
Ex. 7 Give it a name:
To support smth., or to
help something to develop.
Situation in which a
group of people or animals all start to run in a very fast uncontrolled way
because they are frightened or exited.
A situation in which
one person, group, or things has more power or influence then any other.
To do something
unpleasant to someone because they have done something bad or illegal.
The art, buildings,
traditions, and benefits that a society considers to be important parts of its
history and culture.
Ex. 8 Find and odd word out:
to worry – to concern – to
involve – to affect – to try;
coalition – unit –
organization – treaty – globalization – corporation
Ex. 9 Give English equivalents
to Russian words:
недостаток, уровень жизни, возможность,
ознакомиться, рынок, зарабатывать деньги, за счет, вести, в погоне за
сверхприбылью, подводя итог, решать глобальные проблемы, разоружение,
уменьшать, валюта, наследие, стимулировать, нация, развитие международной
торговли, обращать внимание на, положительное явление.
Ex. 1 Answer the following
What does the term “globalization” come
What does it mean?
When was this term first coined?
What does Globalization involve?
At the expense of what can powerful
countries gain their power?
Where and what can freedoms granted by
globalization lead to?
What group of people is against
globalization and why?
How is the globalization expressed in
What global problems can be easily solved
Ex. 2 Read the text again and
find out the advantages and disadvantages of globalization.
Ex. 3 Express your own opinion
whether globalization is a positive phenomenon.
Ex. 4 Make up a dialogue with
your deskmate. Give your pros and cons on the topic “Globalization”.
Ruins Our Planet
is four thousands six hundred million years old. It has been flourishing for
many centuries. Modern man ruins this world step by step. He has caused the
distinction of five hundred species of animals. With the help of modern
technology man is effectively destroying this oasis of life in the solar
system. And one of the means in this procedure is globalization of economics
and finance, which are too closely connected. It is difficult to survive in
the world of industry and finance for a small company. Banks have to unite,
turning into international financial giants concentrating great amounts of
money. Such great sums give a chance to finance international financial
corporations. This corporate finance forms into a global net, which has the
power to rule not a single country but the world itself. The aim of each
industry isn't only to produce something, but to earn money. To reach the aim
the corporations don't pay attention to the environmental problems, which
inevitably come as the result of industrialization. Day after day new signs of
globalization appear in our world: the global computer net, the global
monitory system (e.g., the usage of Euro). That's why we witness the
appearance of new organizations - anti-global ones. People in these
organizations fight hazardous influences of globalization. Together with other
groups of organizations they fight against moving radioactive wastes from one
country to another. Their aim is to fight all the horrifying consequences of
the world's technological advances. We may conclude that global education and
culture can do good to mankind, widening its knowledge while globalization of
economics can only ruin our planet. In my sincere belief people will be able
to cope with all the problems. It isn't accidental that we are called Homo
sapiens as people are getting more and more concerned about the negative
results of globalization.
Ex. 1 Read the text and
translate it with a dictionary if necessary.
Ex. 2 Answer the following
How old is our planet?
Who ruins the world step-by-step?
With the help of what is man effectively
destroying this oasis of life?
Who has the power to rule not a single
country, but the world itself?
What are the new signs of globalization?
What are the aims of anti-global
Will people be able to cope with all the
Ex. 3 Make up a dialogue on
topic: “How to survive in the world of industry?”
Ex. 4 Give your point of view
on question: “People are getting more and more concerned about the negative
results of globalization.”
Ex. 5 Write down an essay:
“Has Our Planet Future?”
Ex. 1 Translate the following
words into English:
шаг за шагом, с помощью, оазис жизни,
глобализация экономики и финансов, выжить, достичь цели, неизбежно,
индустриализация, бороться против, радиоактивные отходы, человечество, ужасные
Ex. 2 Supply the missing words
choosing in the text above.
It has been flourishing __________.
With the help of modern technology man
It is difficult to survive ______________.
Such great sums give a chance
The aim of each industry isn’t only
That’s why we witness ____________.
Ex. 3 Give the definition of
the following words:
oasis, procedure, to survive,
Ex. 4 Give it a name:
to grow well and
healthy or to be very successful
a way of doing
something, especially the correct or usual way
a very large successful
to see smth. happen
dangerous to people’s
health or safety
Ex. 5 Give Russian equivalents
to the following English words:
to ruin, step-by-step, species
of animals, effectively, oasis of life, the Solar system, to be closely
connected, banks, great amount of money, to give a chance, financial
corporation, a global net, to rule, to produce, to earn money, to reach the
aim, to pay attention to, environmental problems, inevitably, day after day,
new signs of, the global monitory system, the usage of Euro, to witness,
radioactive waste, horrifying consequences, technological advances, mankind,
to be able to cope with, negative results.
Ex. 6 Work out a project on
topic “What is globalization?”