Terrorism is a premeditated, politically motivated violence, aimed on
civilians and carried out by sub-national groups. It usually takes the form of
bombing, shooting, hijacking, hostage capture and assassinations.
sound strange but terrorism as a phenomenon existed even in Ancient Greece.
First known terroristic act was setting Arthemida's temple on fire, that took
place in the year 356 B.C. and was made by a man called Gerostratus. But at
that time such acts were an exception, not a rule.
first changed when the sea piracy came to the period of temporary
legalization. Then it had some traits of the "classical" terrorism, for
example the pirates could act as mercenaries, and a huge fleet of hired
pirates' ships could be a major threat for most cities and fortresses at that
time. This was often used then for existing political pressure on hostile
period of terrorism started in the end of the 18th century. In 1893 in France
the Jacobinean part of parliament established the dictature. All the power
came into the hands of radical bourgeoisie. They then established an emergency
regime of revolutionary dictature - revolutionary terrorism. Though the
opposing force used the same way of political fight. For example, the summer
of 1793 was the last one to be seen by one of the Jacobinean leaders called
Marath - he was assassinated by Charlotte Cordes. By the way, assassination
was then the easiest and most common way of solving very difficult problems
connected with personal enemies or opposite-thinkers.
enumerated terroristic acts have happened in the European countries. However,
this doesn't mean that there was no terrorism in Russia. Of course there was
some, but it only began in the 19th century. Then the radical political
party's organization, called "The Hell" (leaded by N.A.Ishutin) tried to
assassinate Russian tzar Alexander II (April, 1866). It was unsuccessful, the
hitman was captured and the organization - completely destroyed. A bit later
(1869-1875), a lot of similar groups tried to start the revolution, sometimes
by trying to understand poor people (especially peasants) and using the
propaganda, sometimes by trying to continue the business of "The Hell"
1879, when the most successful radical terroristic group "Land and Will" split
into two smaller ones - more and less radical - its "child" called "Folk's
Will" started a series of terroristic acts, that finally killed Alexander II
who survived in seven ones and died because of two bombers who attacked him
one after another.
Unfortunately, nowadays terrorism is a usual thing. The best example would be
a terroristic war between two neighbouring countries - Palestine and Israel.
There are many different terroristic organizations in both of them that try to
exest political pressure by killing innocent people. As for my opinion, this
is ridiculous - the total number of victims is bigger than the total number of
governments of both countries. Isn't it easier and faster to assassinate them,
if you want to change the political situation? Or, if you're in the
government, maybe it is worth trying to give Palestine the independence they
want to get? But anyway, this is not the only example of the terroristic war.
We have the same situation right in front of us - Chechnya vs. Russia. Here,
Chechnya also needs independence, but we were ready to give it to them. In
fact, it seems that some who needs this war to be continued - the terrorists
are fighting not because of their religion, independence they wanted earlier
or just because the lack of the tolerance. Now (and it is proved) they fight
for money -some who pays the leaders, some who gives them money to buy
weapons, to hire Arabian mercenaries etc. The question is "WHO?", and of
nowadays some countries use terrorism to legalize their expansion and
aggression aimed on the strategically important territories of poor and
undeveloped countries. The brightest example is Iraq. USA suffered from severe
terroristic acts on 11th of September, 2001. Three planes were hijacked and
pointed at the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. United States claims that Usama
Ben Laden is responsible for these horrible and heartless actions that took
hundreds of victims. Nevertheless, some newspapers (even american) tell that:
1) USA didn't prevent these events to use them as a reason for starting a war
against Iraq; 2) when after the disaster all flights above this part of
America were banned, some plane, looking like a presidential one, took off
form Washington (suppositionly, carrying members of Ben Laden's family to save
them from judgement). After such thoughts it is even interesting to know what
happens if George Bush won't win the election.
the last two weeks the world was shocked by a series of terroristic acts of
gigantic dimension. Here is the chronologic list of some latest events:
03.09. Hostage capture in the school №1 at Beslan. This violent act involving
more than a thousand of innocent people was made by a group of terrorists from
Chechnya heightened by a group of Arabian mercenaries. They were sent by the
Maschadov, Basaev and other leaders by a direct order sent with reinforcement.
One of them was captured, all the others - destroyed. Unfortunately, many
children died in an unplanned attack of the building caused by malfunction of
one of the terrorists' bombs.
bomb was disarmed in Makhachkala. Federal Security Service agents disarmed a
hand-made explosive pack, planted in a car VAZ 2101. It consisted of a 400
grams of TNT, a full fuel canister and a remote control.
Operatives noticed that it was standing not far from the building, in which
yard the ATCRM (anti-tank controlled reactive missile) rocket. This is
considered to be an another failed terroristic act - on the next building's
roof an ATCRM weapon with several missies was found. And it was targeted
directly at the city center. So its shot could have reached any of the
administrative buildings situated there.
The militia workers of Moscow captured a man called Alexander Pumane, who,
being under the narcotic effect, was driving a car, filled with a huge amount
of explosive items: two powerful landmines MON-50, 200 grams of TNT and a
canister filled with some strange substance that is now examined by
specialists. Pumane told, he would cooperate and gave some precious
information about a terroristic organization, but then he was beaten to death
by militia workers.
Explosion at the turkish city of Mercina. Eighteen men injured, some of them
are now critical. The bomb was planted under the police car, patrolling the
concert of a famous turkish singer. The explosion caused panic among the
people on the concert. Sappers disarmed another bomb not far from that place,
perhaps saving hundreds of lives. This act is the fourth one it this city.
conclusion, I want to say, that now terrorism can become (no matter how awful
it sounds) an essential part of our lives. At the moment, there is no
watchable end for terroristic war in Israel or Chechnya. Soon we'll start
living like fatalists - always walking on the blade of the razor will change
our lifestyle and our attitude to life. I can't talk about the ways of ending
this - it can't end until the leading countries of the world support it, even
indirectly. Terrorism can become a strategical weapon just like nuclear bombs
and a huge collection of viruses and poisons. But it will be a new type -
psychological one, that will have a wider effect area. Just imagine a
terrorist, demanding banning of some law and killing a lot of innocent people
- of course this law will be accepted. This is going to be a reign of horror,
and, unfortunately, we'll have to live over it.
form, school #63