“The family is the ultimate source
of social inequality”. Does it still hold?
Pahomova Julia 10
The most important element of social
structure -social institute - is family. The family status is an index of the
condition of society; it shows the degree of its development. Family is a very
old social institute, which have different forms. Arguments can't stop about
what form is more alive able and fit to traditions and national peculiarity of
a country. In the last century Russian "slavianofils" expected the males to
dominate in all family decisions making - a patriarchy. Other members of the
family had to carry out his will. The role of women was to reproduction and
upbringing the children and to run a farm. But there were a lot of opponents
against such position.
Modern west civilization advanced on a
way of development the people's freedom and possibility of social choice. But
in majority of western European countries there are fewer people who are
married, and more "free unions" with children, the rate of divorce is raised.
More and more women can have a work
outside the house. We can see it in our country. But there are more than
50-60% of working women. Today, not only for men, but also for women,
professional interests become a serious competition to family one's.
To strength the family status, the
governments of many countries take special moderations such as: material
support, holidays for parents who have babies, schools and children gardens
and so forth.
That's why there are so many
egalitarian families in the world. But it doesn't mean, however, that each
decision is shared in such families. Mothers may hold authority in some
spheres, fathers in others.
So I agree with Frederich Engels that
family is "the ultimate source of social inequality".